Open main menu

Jakarta

capital and province of Indonesia

Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta) is the largest and the capital city of Indonesia. It is on the northwest coast of the island of Java, it has an area of 661.52 km² and a population of 10,187,595 as of November 2011.[9] Jakarta has been established for more than 490 years and now is the ninth most dense city in the world with 15,400 people per km².

Jakarta
Special Capital Region of Jakarta
Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta
From top, left to right: Jakarta Old Town, Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, Jakarta Skyline, Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Monumen Nasional, Merdeka Palace, Istiqlal Mosque and Jakarta Cathedral
Flag of Jakarta
Flag
Coat of arms of Jakarta
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Jaya Raya (Sanskrit)
(meaning: Victorious and Great)
Location of Jakarta in Indonesia
Location of Jakarta in Indonesia
Jakarta is located in Java
Jakarta
Jakarta
Location in Java and Indonesia
Jakarta is located in Indonesia
Jakarta
Jakarta
Jakarta (Indonesia)
Jakarta is located in Asia
Jakarta
Jakarta
Jakarta (Asia)
Coordinates: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817Coordinates: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817
Country Indonesia
Established397 AD[4]:116
As Jayakarta22 June 1527[4]:154
As Batavia4 March 1621[5]
As Jakarta8 August 1942[5]
As DKI28 August 1961[6]
Government
 • TypeSpecial administrative area
 • GovernorAnies Baswedan
 • Deputy GovernorVacant
 • LegislativeJakarta Regional People's Representative Council
Area
 • Special Capital Region661.5 km2 (255.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
6,392 km2 (2,468 sq mi)
Area rank34th
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2014)[7]
 • Special Capital Region10,075,310
 • Rank6th
 • Density14,464/km2 (37,460/sq mi)
 • Metro
30,214,303
 • Metro density4,383/km2 (11,350/sq mi)
DemonymsJakartan, Indonesian: warga Jakarta, orang Jakarta
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postal Code
1xxx0
Area code(+62) 21
Vehicle registrationB
HDIIncrease 0.801(Very High)
HDI rank1st (2017)
GDP PPP (2016)Increase$483.4 billion[8]
PolicePolda Metro Jaya
Websitejakarta.go.id

Jakarta's first name was Sunda Kelapa. Before the Dutch came, it was renamed the city Jayakarta, starting in 1527. In 1619 the Dutch renamed the city Batavia. It was called Jakarta by the Japanese during World War 2.

Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate (Am in the Koeppen climate classification).

Jakarta's challenges include rapid urban growth and flooding.[10] Additionally, Jakarta is sinking up to 17 cm (6.7 inches) per year. It is also one of the fastest-sinking capitals in the world.[11] In 2019, President Joko Widodo announced a move of the capital to East Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Suryodiningrat, Meidyatama (22 June 2007). "Jakarta: A city we learn to love but never to like". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 21 February 2008.
  2. "Travel Indonesia Guide – How to appreciate the 'Big Durian' Jakarta". Worldstepper-daworldisntenough.blogspot.com. 8 April 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  3. Sungkar, Aulia R. (April 2012). "A Day on the J-Town". Jetstar Magazine. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Iguchi, Masatoshi (2017). [Jakarta at Google Books Java Essay: The History and Culture of a Southern Country] Check |url= value (help). Troubador Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78462-885-7.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matanasi, Petrik (30 December 2016). "Pada Tanggal Inilah Batavia Menjadi Jakarta". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  6. "PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH KHUSUS IBUKOTA JAKARTA RAYA" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  7. "Data Jumlah Penduduk DKI Jakarta". Jakarta Open Data. Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  8. "Statistik Indonesia 2016" (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta". Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. Retrieved 2012-04-19. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  10. "Jakarta – Urban Challenges Overview – Human Cities Coalition". www.humancities.co. Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  11. "Cure to sinking Jakarta?". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  12. "Jakarta sinks as Indonesian capital and Borneo takes on mantle". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 August 2019.

Other websitesEdit