Jean-Luc Mélenchon (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃.lyk me.lɑ̃.ʃɔ̃]; born 19 August 1951) is a left-wing French politician. He was a member of the National Assembly of the French Republic. He ran for President of France twice: he finished in fourth place in 2012 and 2017, then in 2022, he came in third.
|Member of the National Assembly|
for Bouches-du-Rhône's 4th constituency
21 June 2017 – 21 June 2022
|Preceded by||Patrick Mennucci|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Bompard|
|Member of the European Parliament|
14 July 2009 – 18 June 2017
|Minister of Vocational Education|
27 March 2000 – 6 May 2002
|Prime Minister||Lionel Jospin|
|Preceded by||Claude Allègre|
|Succeeded by||Luc Ferry|
1 October 2004 – 7 January 2010
|Succeeded by||Marie-Agnès Labarre|
2 October 1986 – 27 April 2000
Jean-Luc Antoine Pierre Mélenchon
19 August 1951
Tangier, Tangier International Zone
|Political party||Internationalist Communist Organisation (before 1977)|
Socialist Party (1977–2008)
Left Party (2008–present)
La France Insoumise (2016–present)
|Left Front (2008–2016)|
|Alma mater||University of Franche-Comté|
European Party website
In 1976, he was elected municipal councilor of Massy (1983), general councilor of the Essonne departement (1985), and senator of the same department (1986, reelected in 1995 and 2004). He also served as Minister-Delegate of Vocational Education between 2000 and 2002, under the Minister of National Education, Jack Lang, in the cohabitation government of Lionel Jospin.
As leader of the Left Party, he joined the electoral coalition of the Left Front before the 2009 European elections and was elected member of the European Parliament in the South-West constituency (reelected in 2014).
During the protest movement against the pension reform of 2010 his public stature grew thanks to his many public and television appearances. He was also the candidate of that coalition in the 2012 presidential election, at the outcome of which he came in fourth, receiving 11.1% of the votes. He was a candidate in the 2017 presidential election "outside the frame of political parties", and founded the movement "Unsubmissive France" (FI) in February 2016. He came in fourth place winning 19.5% of the vote.
He ran for the presidency again for the 2022 election, coming in third place winning 21.95% of the vote.
- Statement by Jean‑Luc Mélenchon made after he left the Socialist Party (in French)
- Speech by Jean-Luc Mélenchon at the creation congress of the Left Party Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
Media related to Jean-Luc Mélenchon at Wikimedia Commons
- Official blog
- Page on the French Senate website
- MEP webpage Archived 2012-10-15 at the Wayback Machine