Jean-Luc Mélenchon

French politician (born 1951)

Jean-Luc Mélenchon (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃.lyk me.lɑ̃.ʃɔ̃]; born 19 August 1951) is a left-wing French politician. He was a member of the National Assembly of the French Republic. He ran for President of France twice: he finished in fourth place in 2012 and 2017, then in 2022, he came in third.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon

Jean-Luc Mélenchon 2022 (cropped).jpg
Member of the National Assembly
for Bouches-du-Rhône's 4th constituency
In office
21 June 2017 – 21 June 2022
Preceded byPatrick Mennucci
Succeeded byManuel Bompard
Member of the European Parliament
In office
14 July 2009 – 18 June 2017
ConstituencySouth-West France
Minister of Vocational Education
In office
27 March 2000 – 6 May 2002
Prime MinisterLionel Jospin
Preceded byClaude Allègre
Succeeded byLuc Ferry
Senator
In office
1 October 2004 – 7 January 2010
Succeeded byMarie-Agnès Labarre
ConstituencyEssonne
In office
2 October 1986 – 27 April 2000
ConstituencyEssonne
Personal details
Born
Jean-Luc Antoine Pierre Mélenchon

(1951-08-19) 19 August 1951 (age 71)
Tangier, Tangier International Zone
Political partyInternationalist Communist Organisation (before 1977)
Socialist Party (1977–2008)
Left Party (2008–present)
La France Insoumise (2016–present)
Other political
affiliations
Left Front (2008–2016)
Alma materUniversity of Franche-Comté
WebsiteOfficial website
European Party website

Political careerEdit

In 1976, he was elected municipal councilor of Massy (1983), general councilor of the Essonne departement (1985), and senator of the same department (1986, reelected in 1995 and 2004). He also served as Minister-Delegate of Vocational Education between 2000 and 2002, under the Minister of National Education, Jack Lang, in the cohabitation government of Lionel Jospin.

As leader of the Left Party, he joined the electoral coalition of the Left Front before the 2009 European elections and was elected member of the European Parliament in the South-West constituency (reelected in 2014).

Presidential politicsEdit

During the protest movement against the pension reform of 2010 his public stature grew thanks to his many public and television appearances. He was also the candidate of that coalition in the 2012 presidential election, at the outcome of which he came in fourth, receiving 11.1% of the votes. He was a candidate in the 2017 presidential election "outside the frame of political parties", and founded the movement "Unsubmissive France" (FI) in February 2016.[1][2] He came in fourth place winning 19.5% of the vote.

He ran for the presidency again for the 2022 election, coming in third place winning 21.95% of the vote.

ReferencesEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Jean-Luc Mélenchon at Wikimedia Commons