Jean-Pierre Hocké

Swiss diplomat

Jean-Pierre Hocké (born 31 March 1938, deceased 28 July 2021) is a Swiss International Red Cross staff member and United Nations official. He was born in Lausanne. He was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from 1986 to 1989. He was nominated by Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar. Prior to that function he was Director of Operations of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) from 1973 to 1985 .[1]

Jean-Pierre Hocké
6th United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
In office
1 January 1986 – 31 December 1989
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
Preceded byPoul Hartling
Succeeded byThorvald Stoltenberg
Personal details
Born (1938-03-31) 31 March 1938 (age 84)
Lausanne, Switzerland
Political partyPeople's Party

During his term of office, the crisis over refugees from Indochina, the so-called boatpeople, continued. The Comprehensive Plan of Action for Refugees from Indochina was developed during this period. It created procedural plans for a regional refugee status and the promotion of return to Vietnam for Vietnamese boat people not qualifying for refugee status He also helped plan out a peace process in Central America called the "CIREFCA Process".[2]

At the end of his term, a scandal broke revealing that Hocké spent between $32,000 and $96,000 a year from Denmark's contribution on his entertainment and travel without informing the Danish Government or asking its permission.[3] He resigned in 1989 under pressure from the scandal. The resignation came after Secretary-General de Cuellar Hocké that he could not remain in the post.[3]


  1. The Director of Operational Activities at the ICRC elected United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. In: International Review of the Red Cross (1986), 26: 109-110
  2. Peter Häberle: Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart. Neue Folge, 1992, ISBN 3161459032 ISBN 3161459032, S. 40
  3. 3.0 3.1 U.N. Refugee Chief Quits Over His Use of Funds The New York Times

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