Jerome (//; Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Greek: Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 342-347 – 30 September 420) was a Christian priest, theologian and historian. He lived in the Roman Empire. He is best known for translating the Bible into Latin (the Vulgate). He is recognised as a saint by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Lutheran Church, and the Church of England (Anglican Communion).
|Hermit and Doctor of the Church|
Stridon (possibly Strido Dalmatiae, on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia, located in modern Croatia)
|Died||30 September 420 (aged c. 73-78)|
Bethlehem, Palaestina Prima
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
Eastern Orthodox Church
|Major shrine||Basilica of Saint Mary Major, Rome, Italy|
|Feast||30 September (Latin Catholic Church)|
|Attributes||lion, cardinal attire, cross, skull, trumpet, owl, books and writing material|
|Patronage||archaeologists; archivists; Bible scholars; librarians; libraries; school children; students; translators; Morong, Rizal|
St Jerome in Penitence
|Education||Catechetical School of Alexandria|
|Occupation||Translator, theologian and writer|
De viris illustribus
|Language||Latin and Greek language|
|Tradition or movement||Trinitarianism|
|Notable ideas||Perpetual virginity of Mary|
- The Encyclopedia of Christian Literature, Volume 2. Scarecrow Press. 2010. ISBN 9780810872837.
Jerome ("Hieronymus" in Latin), was born into a Christian family in Stridon, modern-day Strigova in northern Croatia.
- "St. Jerome (Christian scholar)". Britannica Encyclopedia. 2 February 2017. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
- Schaff, Philip, ed. (1893). A Select Library of Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church. 2nd series. VI. Henry Wace. New York: The Christian Literature Company. Retrieved 2010-06-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)