John Smith (Labour Party leader)

Labour Party leader from Scotland (1938-1994)

John Smith QC (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a British politician who was the leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack.

John Smith was born in the Scottish town of Dalmally in Argyll and Bute.[1] He became a Labour Party Member of Parliament (MP) at the 1970 General Election for the constituency of North Lanarkshire (Monklands East from 1983). In 1978, he was given a cabinet post however lost this after Labour's defeat at the 1979 General Election. He continued in the shadow cabinet until 1992, when Labour leader Neil Kinnock resigned and Smith was elected leader. During Smith's time as leader, opinion polls showed that Labour were becoming more likely to win an election than the Conservatives.[2]

On 12 May 1994 in London, Smith died of a heart attack and was buried on the Scottish isle of Iona.[3] Tony Blair replaced Smith as Labour leader on 21 July 1994.

References change

  1. "Our Records". ScotlandsPeople. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  2. "1993: Recession over – it's official". BBC News. 26 April 1993. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  3. "Rèilig Odhrain, the ancient cemetery on the edge of the world". Flickering Lamps. 3 October 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2018.