John Wesley

Founder of the Methodist movement

John Wesley (1703-1791) was one of the founders of the Methodist church. He was an Anglican minister and Christian theologian. He was an early leader in the Methodist movement. Wesley's life had three distinct phases. The first at Oxford University with the founding of the "Holy Club", the second while Wesley was a missionary priest in Savannah, Georgia; and the third after Wesley's return to England. Throughout his life, Wesley remained within the Church of England. He said a that his movement was well within the bounds of the Anglican Church. [1]

John Wesley
John Wesley clipped.png
Born(1703-06-29)June 29, 1703
DiedMarch 2, 1791(1791-03-02) (aged 87)
NationalityBritish
EducationCharterhouse School and Christ Church, Oxford
OccupationPriest, Missionary, Evangelist
Spouse(s)Mary Wesley (née Vazeille)
Parent(s)Samuel & Susanna Wesley

Early lifeEdit

 
John Wesley

John Wesley was born in Epworth, England. He was the son of Samuel Wesley, a graduate of Oxford, and minister of the Church of England. In 1669, Samuel married Susanna Annesley. Both Samuel and Susanna were raised in the same town.

In 1696, Samuel Welsey was appointed the rector of Epworth. This is where John was born. The Wesley children's early education was given by their parents in the Epworth rectory. Each child, including the girls, was taught to read as soon as they can could walk and talk.

During his early youth, John Wesley had a deep religious experience. At the age of five, John was rescued from the burning rectory. This escape made deep impression on his mind. He regarded himself as set apart for God, as a "brand plucked from burning".[2]

John was admitted to the Charterhouse School, London. There he lived (for a while) the religious life in which he had been trained at home. His biographer, Tyerman, says that he went to Charterhouse a saint, but he became negligent of religious duties and left a sinner.

Oxford StudentEdit

In June 1720, Wesley entered Christ Church, Oxford, with an annual allowance of 40 pounds as Charterhouse scholar. His health was poor and he found it hard to keep out of debt. There along with his brother Charles, he followed a strict religious life. He went to church often, prayed and helped people. He visited prisoners in jail. Some of them were condemned to be hanged. He drew up for 1721 a time-table of study, worship and service for each day of the week. This can still be seen in his earliest diary from April 15, 1725 to February 12, 1727. The Wesley brothers and a few other scholars in his "Holy Club" were called "Methodists" because they followed this strict method of life.

Missionary to GeorgiaEdit

John and Charles went to Georgia as missionary priests in the Anglican church. Their hope of converting many Indians to Christianity was unfulfilled. After a failed love affair by John, the brothers returned home. During the Atlantic crossing a strong storm almost sank their boat. John was very frightened but noticed that some Moravian Christians were at peace. This made him think that his faith was not the same as theirs. They were sure that God had forgiven their sins through faith in Christ.

Beginning of RevivalEdit

In 1738, he heard a reading of Luther's preface to the Epistle to the Romans, and penned the now famous lines: "I felt my heart strangely warmed". He then knew that God had forgiven him and that he was accepted by God. This revolutionized his ministry.[3] Charles had a similar experience of salvation about the same time. John Wesley wrote many books about Scripture and the Christian life. Charles Wesley helped him with many hymns he wrote.[4] These hymns supported the message that John preached.

Personality and activitiesEdit

Wesley travelled constantly, usually on horseback.[5] He preached to many people. After a while some Anglican leaders told him not to preach in their churches. After that he preached outdoors. Sometimes thousands of people listened to his preaching. His followers stayed in the Anglican Church, but formed "societies" to help each other in faith. As the movement grew, Wesley examined and sent out preachers, began aid charities, and cared for the sick.[6]

His followers were called Methodists. They spread to many countries. Soon there were many in the American Colonies. After the Revolutionary War there were few Anglican priests in America. Wesley send two superintendents to care for the Methodists there. Eventually, the Methodists became a separate denomination in both American and England.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Thorsen, Don (2005). The Wesleyan Quadrilateral. Emeth Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-9755435-3-9.
  2. Wallace, Charles J. R. (1997) Susanna Wesley: the Complete Writings, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 67. ISBN 0-19-507437-8
  3. "1738 John & Charles Wesley Experience Conversions | Christian History Magazine". Christian History Institute. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  4. "Charles Wesley | Hymnary.org". hymnary.org. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
  5. Koontz, Terri; Mark Sidwell, S. M. Bunker. World Studies. Greenville, South Carolina 29614: Bob Jones University Press. ISBN 1-59166-431-4.CS1 maint: location (link)
  6. Johnstone, Lucy (2003). Users and Abusers of Psychiatry: a critical look at psychiatric practice. Routledge. p. 152. ISBN 0-415-21155-7.