Roman–Jewish historian and military leader (c. 37–c. 100)

Titus Flavius Josephus (/ˈsfəs/;[1] 37 – c. 100), born Yosef ben Matityahu (Hebrew: יוסף בן מתתיהו Yōsef ben Matiṯyāhu; Greek: Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου παῖς Iṓsēpos Matthíou paîs),[2][3] was a Jewish writer and historian who wrote a book about in the First Jewish–Roman War and destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD/CE. According to some historians, he wrote briefly about Jesus, some decades after Jesus died.

During the First Jewish-Roman War he fought against the Romans until his surrender in 67.


  1. "Josephus". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers.
  2. Douer, Alisa (2015). Egypt – The Lost Homeland: Exodus from Egypt, 1947–1967 – The History of the Jews in Egypt, 1540 BCE to 1967 CE (Arabische Welt – Arab World). Logos Verlag. p. 277, footnote 190. ISBN 978-3832540524.
  3. Josephus refers to himself in his Greek works as Ἰώσηπος Ματθίου παῖς, Iōsēpos Matthiou pais (Josephus the son of Matthias). Josephus spoke Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek.