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Julia Ward Howe

American abolitionist, social activist, and poet

Julia Ward Howe (27 May 1819 – 17 October 1910) was an American social activist, abolitionist and poet. She wrote several books and works of poetry. Her first book was an anonymous work of poetry that came out in 1854. It was titled Passion-Flowers.[1] In November 1861 she wrote the song The Battle Hymn of the Republic.[2] Howe also focused on women's suffrage and pacifism. Howe was born in New York. She died from pneumonia at age ninety-one in Rhode Island.[3]


  1. Gary Williams, Hungry Heart: The Literary Emergence of Julia Ward Howe (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999), p. 1
  2. Albert A. Nofi, The Civil War Treasury (New York: Castle Books, 2006), p. 193
  3. Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 1, eds. Edward T. James; Janet Wilson James; Paul S. Boyer, (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971), p. 229