Kayin State

state of Myanmar

Kayin State (Eastern Pwo: ဖၠုံခါန်ႋကၞင့်; S'gaw Karen: ကညီကီၢ်စဲၣ်, pronounced [kɲɔkɔshæ], Burmese: ကရင်ပြည်နယ်, pronounced: [kəjɪ̀ɴ pjìnɛ̀]), also known by its former name Karen State, is a state of Myanmar. The capital city is Hpa-An, also spelled Pa-An.

Kayin State
ဖၠုံခါန်ႋကၞင့်
ကရင်ပြည်နယ်
Other transcription(s)
 • Karenk'nyaw kawseh
 • Burmeseka.rang pranynai
Flag of Kayin State
Official seal of Kayin State
Location of Kayin State in Myanmar
Location of Kayin State in Myanmar
Coordinates: 17°0′N 97°45′E / 17.000°N 97.750°E / 17.000; 97.750Coordinates: 17°0′N 97°45′E / 17.000°N 97.750°E / 17.000; 97.750
Country Myanmar
RegionSoutheast
CapitalHpa-An
Government
 • Chief MinisterSaw Myint Oo
 • CabinetKayin State Government
Area
 • Total30,382.8 km2 (11,730.9 sq mi)
Area rank11th
Highest elevation2,623 m (8,606 ft)
Population
 • Total1,574,079
 • Rank11th
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Karen, Kayin
Demographics
 • EthnicitiesKaren (majority), Padaung, Bamar, Shan, Pa-O, Mon, Rakhine, Burmese-Thai
Time zoneUTC+06:30 (MMT)
HDI (2017)0.527[2]
low · 12th
Official languageKaren
Websitewww.kayinstate.gov.mm

GovernmentEdit

The government of Kayin State is split into three branches: an executive (Kayin State Government), a legislative (Kayin State Hluttaw), and a judicial (Kayin State High Court).

Administrative divisionsEdit

Karen State has one city and nine towns. It has four districts, seven townships and 4092 villages.

 
4 districts of Kayin

DistrictsEdit

  • Hpa-an District
  • Myawaddy District
  • Kawkareik District
  • Hpapun District
  • Kyondoe District

TownshipsEdit

  • Hpa-an Township
  • Hlaingbwe Township
  • Hpapun Township
  • Thandaunggyi Township
  • Myawaddy Township
  • Kawkareik Township
  • Kyainseikgyi Township

Cities and townsEdit

 

Villages and hamletsEdit

Kayin State is very mountainous so the villages are very small. Lots of Kayin State's population is across the countryside in hundreds of villages.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1973858,429—    
19831,055,359+22.9%
20141,574,079+49.2%
Source: 2014 Myanmar Census[1]

Since the 1973 Census, the population of Karen State has increased from 858,429 to 1,055,359 in the 1983 census and 1,574,079 in the census of 2014.[3]

TransportEdit

Karen State has two airports, Hpapun Airport and Hpa-An Airport, but they aren't open to the public currently.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Census Report. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. 2. Naypyitaw: Ministry of Immigration and Population. May 2015. p. 17.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census: Kayin State. Nay Pyi Taw: Ministry of Immigration and Population. 2015. p. 11.