Japanese era from April 1190 to April 1199
Kenkyū (建久) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Bunji and before Shōji. This period started in April 1190 and ended in April 1199. The reigning emperor was Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇).
Events of the Kenkyū eraEdit
- 1191 (Kenkyū 2): Esai brings Zen Buddhism to Japan
- 26 April 1192 (Kenkyū 3, 13th day of the 3rd month): Former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa died at the age of 66. He had been father or grandfather to five emperors -- Emperor Nijō, the 78th emperor; Emperor Rokujō, the 79th emperor; Emperor Takakura, the 80th emperor; Emperor Antoku, the 81st emperor; and Go-Toba, the 82nd emperor.
- 21 August 1192 (Kenkyū 3, 12th day of the 7th month): Minamoto Yoritomo was named leader of the forces to fight the in the north of Japan.
- 15 April 1195 (Kenkyū 6, 4th day of the 3rd month): Shogun Yoritomo visited the capital.
- 18 February 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 11th day of the 1st month): In the 15th year of Go-Toba's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by his eldest son.
- 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 3rd month): Emperor Tsuchimikado accepted his official role as emperor (sokui).
- 9 February 1199 (Kenkyū 10, 13th day of the 1st month): Shogun Yoritomo died at age 53 in Kamakura.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kenkyū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 509.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 207-221; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 334-339; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 215-220.
- What is Zen? History; retrieved 2012-4-29.
- Brown, p. 337; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後白河天皇 (77); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Varley, p. 208; Kitagawa et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 788.
- Kitagawa, p. 788.
- Brown, p. 339; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Titsingh, p. 221; Varley, p. 44.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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