Khalistan movement

Sikh separatist movement
Map of Khalistan

The Khalistan movement is a Sikh nationalist movement that wants to create an independent state for Sikh people inside the current North-Western India. Its stated capital would be Lahore a city where Sikh empire was commenced by Maharaja Ranjit Singh and ruled for centuries by his descendants. In the recent survey,[1] Sikhs choose Lahore as a capital of Khalistan. Khalistan has many groups such as Khalistan Liberation Force and other groups such as Babbar Khalsa.

On April 12, 1980, Jagjit Singh Chauhan, a prominent supporter of the movement, declared that he had formed the National Council of Khalistan, at Anandpur Sahib.[2] He said he was the President of organization, and Balbir Singh Sandhu was its Secretary General. In May 1980, Chauhan traveled to London and announced the formation of Khalistan. A similar announcement was made by Sandhu, in Amritsar. [3]

The movement reached its peak in the 1980s and died out after it lost the public support in the early 1990s.


  1. "What should be the capital of Greater Khalistan". Greater Khalistan. 29 November 2019. Archived from the original on 7 November 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  2. Nayar, Kuldip; Kushwant Singh (1985). Tragedy of Punjab. India: Vision Books Pvt. Ltd. p. 51. ISBN 1851270698.
  3. Singh, Satinder (1982). Khalistan: An Academic Analysis. Delhi & Punjab: Amar Prakashan. p. 114.