King of Kings

ruling title used by certain historical monarchs

King of Kings[n 1] is a title given to rulers. It is used by monarchs from the Middle East. The title was used a lot in Iran[7] and the Achaemenid and Sasanian Empires. The title was originally from the Middle Assyrian Empire by king Tukulti-Ninurta I(reigned 1233–1197 BC). After he was given that title, the title was used was used in many different kingdom and empires. It was used in other kingdoms. This includes Persia, Armenia, Georgia, and Ethiopia.

The title King of Kings was prominently used by Achaemenid Persian kings such as Darius the Great (pictured). The full titulature of Darius was Great King, King of Kings, King in Fārs, King of the Countries, Hystaspes’ son, Arsames’ grandson, an Achaemenid.

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  1. Akkadian: šar šarrāni;[1] Old Persian: Xšâyathiya Xšâyathiyânâm;[2] Middle Persian: šāhān šāh;[3] Modern Persian: شاهنشاه, Šâhanšâh; Greek: Βασιλεὺς Βασιλέων, Basileùs Basiléōn;[4] Armenian: արքայից արքա, ark'ayits ark'a; Sanskrit:महाराजाधिराज, Mahārājadhirāja; Georgian: მეფეთ მეფე, Mepet mepe;[5] Ge'ez: ንጉሠ ነገሥት, Nəgusä Nägäst[6]

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