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Kingdom of Navarre

medieval kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean
The Kingodm of Navarre, at its greates extent, in 1030 is shown in orange.

The Kingodom of Navarre was a small kingdom that existed from 841 to 1820. The kingdom was located roughly in the Basque Country on both sides of the Pyrenees mountains. In 1512, it was split into a Spanish part, and a French part. In 1620, the French part, called Lower Navarre was merged with France. The Spanish part existed until 1820. The capital of the kingdom was Pamplona.[1][2][3]


  1. Estibaliz Amorrortu, Basque Sociolinguistics: Language, Society, and Culture, (University of Nevada Press, 2003), 14 note5.
  2. R. L. Trask, The History of Basque, (Routledge, 2014), 427.
  3. Harvey, L.P. (1996). Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614. Chicago: Chicago University Press. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-0-226-31964-3.