Kingdom of Navarre

medieval kingdom that occupied lands on either side of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean (1162–1512)

The Kingdom of Navarre was a small kingdom in Europe. It was independent from 841 to 1820. The kingdom was roughly in the Basque Country on both sides of the Pyrenees mountains. In 1512, it was split into two parts: a Spanish part and a French part. In 1620, the French part, called Lower Navarre, became part of France. The Spanish part was independent until 1820. The capital of the kingdom was Pamplona.[1][2][3]

The Kingdom of Navarre in 1030 in dark orange (labeled as Pamplona). This was when the kingdom was largest.

References change

  1. Estibaliz Amorrortu, Basque Sociolinguistics: Language, Society, and Culture, (University of Nevada Press, 2003), 14 note5.
  2. R. L. Trask, The History of Basque, (Routledge, 2014), 427.
  3. Harvey, L.P. (1996). Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614. Chicago: Chicago University Press. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-0-226-31964-3.