Lady Anne Hyde

English Royal

Lady Anne Hyde, Duchess of York (22 March 1638 – 31 March 1671) was the first wife of James, Duke of York (the future King James II of England and VII of Scotland). She was also and the mother of two queens, Mary II of England and Scotland and Anne of Great Britain.[1]

Picture of Anne Hyde, c. 1670

Early years


She was born on 12 March 1638 (Old Style) or 22 March 1638 (New Style),[2] at Windsor, Berkshire of the Hyde family.

The royal family stayed in exile after the English Civil War. Anne's father served as the Royalist chief adviser to the future King Charles II of England, James's older brother. Anne was Maid of Honour to Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, sister of Charles and James. It was during this time that James seduced Anne while she was in his sister's service and Charles forced James to marry Anne. He said that her strong character would be a good influence on his weak-willed brother.[3]

Duchess of York


The couple went through an official marriage ceremony on 3 September 1660, in London, after the English Restoration of the monarchy. Anne was not a beautiful woman. In fact, Samuel Pepys slights her as being quite plain. However, the French Ambassador described her as having "courage, cleverness, and energy almost worthy of a King's blood".[4]


  1. <Anne Hyde in National Dictionary of Biography
  2. "Default Parallels Plesk Page".
  3. The Queens of England, Barbara Softly, p. 91
  4. Antonia Fraser, King Charles II, p. 202