Lake District

mountainous region in North West England

The Lake District, also known as The Lakes or Lakeland, is a rural area in north west England. It is a popular vacation area, famous for its lakes and its mountains and its associations with the early 19th century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the Lake Poets.

The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. Harter Fell and Hard Knott can be seen, also a small tarn.
The location of the Lake District, shown in white, within Northern England
The Catbells near the tourist town of Keswick

It is on a tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[1]

History change

Lake District National Park (created in 1951) is one of the fifteen National parks in the United Kingdom.

Geography change

The Lake District is about 34 miles (55 km) across (north-to-south or west-to-east). It is entirely within Cumbria, and is one of England's few mountainous regions. All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level is in the Park.

25 highest fells change

The 25 highest fells (of those given an individual chapter in the Pictorial Guides by Alfred Wainwright) are:

  1. Scafell Pike, 978 m / 3210 ft
  2. Scafell, 965 m / 3162 ft
  3. Helvellyn, 951 m / 3118 ft
  4. Skiddaw, 931 m / 3054 ft
  5. Great End, 910 m / 2986 ft
  6. Bowfell, 902 m / 2960 ft
  7. Great Gable, 899 m / 2949 ft
  8. Pillar, 892 m / 2926 ft
  9. Nethermost Pike, 891 m / 2923 ft
  10. Catstycam, 889 m / 2917 ft
  11. Esk Pike, 885 m / 2903 ft
  12. Raise (Lake District), 883 m / 2896 ft
  13. Fairfield, 873 m / 2863 ft
  14. Blencathra, 868 m / 2847 ft
  15. Skiddaw Little Man, 865 m / 2837 ft
  16. White Side, 863 m / 2831 ft
  17. Crinkle Crags, 859 m / 2818 ft
  18. Dollywaggon Pike, 858 m / 2815 ft
  19. Great Dodd, 857 m / 2807 ft
  20. Grasmoor, 852 m / 2795 ft
  21. Stybarrow Dodd, 843 m / 2772 ft
  22. St Sunday Crag, 841 m / 2759 ft
  23. Scoat Fell, 841 m / 2759 ft
  24. Crag Hill, 839 m / 2753 ft
  25. High Street, 828 m / 2717 ft

Lakes change

Boats on Ullswater

Only one lake in the National Park has the word 'Lake' in its name, namely Bassenthwaite Lake. All the others such as Windermere, Coniston Water, Ullswater and Buttermere use other forms, such as 'mere' and 'water'. The major lakes and reservoirs in the park are given below.

The word 'tarn' is a local word used to describe any small lake that may otherwise be called a pond.

Nomenclature change

A number of words/phrases are local to the Lake District and are part of the Cumbrian dialect. These include:

  • fell - brought to England by Viking invaders and close to modern Norwegian 'Fjell' meaning mountain
  • tarn - a word that has been taken to mean a small lake in a corrie, it is a local phrase for any small pool of water
  • Yan Tan Tethera - the name for a system of sheep counting which was traditionally used in the Lake District. Though now rare, it is still used by some and taught in local schools.

Related pages change

References change

  1. UNESCO, "England's Lake District"; retrieved 2012-4-19.

Other websites change

More reading change

  • Hollingsworth, S. 'The Geology of the Lake District: a review', Proc. Geologists Assoc., 65 (Part 4) 1954
  • Moseley, F. Geology of the Lake District, Yorkshire Geologic