Learning English

teaching of English to students whose first language is not English

Learning English is what people do when they want to use the English language. In language learning, we often talk about language skills and language systems. Language skills include: speaking, listening, reading, and writing.[1] Language systems include vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and discourse.[2]

A lot of people learn English at school, where English is a common subjects. Many people also want to spend their own personal time to learn English. Some of these people may not know any English, where others will have learned some English in school, and will want to advance their knowledge of it.

Learning in schools


English is taught in many schools. It may be a required course for graduation, or students may choose to study it. For profit language schools are also common in many countries. These businesses sell English lessons.

English taught in community settings, for adult immigrants to English-speaking countries, is often referred to as ESOL (English for speakers of other languages).[3]

Individual learning


Other people try to learn English on their own, or in a less formal setting than in a group of people with a teacher.

People might meet with others who are trying to learn English, in order to practice speaking.

People can also listen to radio broadcasts in English, or watch television programmes in English to help them improve their listening ability. A popular channel to listen to the radio on is broadcast by the BBC, called the BBC World Service Archived 2001-09-21 at the Library of Congress Web Archives.

People can also study English by reading books, or listening to English courses on recorded CDs or cassettes.

Online learning


The internet boom has created lot of avenues for learning. People can get lot of ideas on how to improve English communication skills using search engines like Google, Yahoo, etc. Especially during the lockdown due to COVID-19, online classes and courses became a main source of learning. The BBC World Service has a free website for people who are learning English as a second or foreign language called BBC Learning English.



Major tests of English language proficiency include TOEFL, IELTS, TOEIC, Pearson English Test, Cambridge Assessment English, and the Duolingo English Test.[4]



  1. "Skills". LearnEnglish. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  2. "Systems". TeachingEnglish. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  3. "Common Acronyms in the TESOL Profession". www.tesol.org. Archived from the original on 2022-07-06. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  4. "IELTS, TOEFL, PTE or Duolingo? Your guide to English language proficiency tests". Student. 2021-04-09. Retrieved 2022-06-04.

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