List of New World monkey species

Wikimedia list article

New World monkeys are all simian primates. They are endemic to South and Central America.

Taxon classificationEdit

To learn what a Taxon Classification is, see Taxonomy (biology).

KeyEdit

Scientific name The formal name of the species (known as the Latin name)
Common name The name people most often use for the species
Classified Date in which the species was described and classified
Average size Average size of adult members of the species, in metric and English weight units
Conservation status Conservation status of the species, per IUCN as of 2008

Extant speciesEdit

Family: CallitrichidaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Callithrix jacchus Common marmoset 1758 Linnaeus 400 g (14 oz) least concern [1][2][3]
Callithrix penicillata Black-tufted marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy 350 g (12 oz) least concern [2][4][5]
Callithrix kuhlii Wied's marmoset 1985 Coimbra-Filho near threatened [2][6][7]
Callithrix geoffroyi White-headed marmoset 1812 E. Geoffroy least concern [2][8][9]
Callithrix flaviceps Buffy-headed marmoset 1903 Thomas endangered [2][10][11]
Callithrix aurita Buffy-tufted marmoset 1812 E. Geoffroy vulnerable [2][12][13]
Mico acariensis Rio Acari marmoset 2000 van Roosmaalen et al. data deficient [2][14][15]
Mico argentata Silvery marmoset 1766 Linnaeus 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][16][17]
Mico leucippe White marmoset 1922 Thomas vulnerable [2][18][19]
Mico emiliae Emilia's marmoset 1920 Thomas data deficient [2][20][21]
Mico nigriceps Black-headed marmoset 1992 Ferrari and Lopes data deficient [2][22][23]
Mico manicorensis Manicore marmoset 2000 van Roosmaalen et al. 350 g (12 oz) least concern [2][24][25]
Mico marcai Marca's marmoset 1993 Alperin data deficient [2][26][27]
Mico melanura Black-tailed marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][28][29]
Mico humeralifera Santarem marmoset 1812 É. Geoffroy data deficient [2][30][31]
Mico mauesi Maués marmoset 1992 R.A. Mittermeier, Schwarz & Ayres least concern [2][32][33]
Mico chrysoleuca Gold-and-white marmoset 1842 Wagner least concern [2][34][35]
Mico intermedia Hershkovitz's marmoset 1977 Hershkovitz least concern [2][36][37]
Callibella humilis Roosmalens' dwarf marmoset 1998 van Roosmalen et al. 150–185 g (5.3–6.5 oz) vulnerable [2][38][39]
Cebuella pygmaea Pygmy marmoset 1823 Spix 120–140 g (4.2–4.9 oz) least concern [2][40][41]
Leontopithecus rosalia Golden lion tamarin 1766 Linnaeus 550–700 g (19–25 oz) endangered [2][42][43]
Leontopithecus chrysomelas Golden-headed lion tamarin 1820 Kuhl endangered [2][44][45]
Leontopithecus chrysopygus Black lion tamarin 1823 Mikan endangered [2][46][47]
Leontopithecus caissara Superagui lion tamarin 1990 Lorini & Persson critically endangered [2][48][49]
Saguinus midas Red-handed tamarin 1758 Linnaeus 400–550 g (14–19 oz) least concern [2][50][51]
Saguinus niger Black tamarin 1803 É. Geoffroy vulnerable [2][52][53]
Saguinus nigricollis Black-mantled tamarin 1823 Spix least concern [2][54][55]
Saguinus graellsi Graells's tamarin 1870 Jimenez de la Espada near threatened [2][56][57]
Saguinus fuscicollis Brown-mantled tamarin 1823 Spix least concern [2][58][59]
Saguinus melanoleucus White-mantled tamarin 1912 Ribeiro least concern [2][60][61]
Saguinus tripartitus Golden-mantled tamarin 1878 Milne-Edwards near threatened [2][62][63]
Saguinus mystax Moustached tamarin 1803 Spix least concern [2][64][65]
Saguinus pileatus Red-capped tamarin 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville least concern [2][66][67]
Saguinus labiatus White-lipped tamarin 1812 E. Geoffroy least concern [2][68][69]
Saguinus imperator Emperor tamarin 1907 Goeldi 300–400 g (11–14 oz) least concern [2][70][71]
Saguinus bicolor Pied tamarin 1823 Spix 428 g (15.1 oz) endangered [2][72][73]
Saguinus martinsi Martins's tamarin 1912 Thomas least concern [2][74][75]
Saguinus oedipus Cottontop tamarin 1758 Linnaeus 432 g (15.2 oz) critically endangered [2][76][77]
Saguinus geoffroyi Geoffroy's tamarin 1845 Pucheran 486–507 g (17.1–17.9 oz) least concern [2][78][79]
Saguinus leucopus White-footed tamarin 1877 Günther endangered [2][80][81]
Saguinus inustus Mottle-faced tamarin 1951 Schwartz least concern [2][82][83]
Callimico goeldii Goeldi's marmoset 1904 Thomas vulnerable [2][84][85]

Family: CebidaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Cebus capucinus Colombian white-faced capuchin 1758 Linnaeus 3,900 g (140 oz) least concern [86][87]
Cebus imitator Panamanian white-faced capuchin 1903 Thomas 3,900 g (140 oz) least concern
Cebus albifrons Humboldt's white-fronted capuchin 1812 Humboldt 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) least concern [88][89]
Cebus aequatorialis Ecuadorian white-fronted capuchin 1914 Allen 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) critically endangered
Cebus yuracus Marañón white-fronted capuchin 1949 Hershkovitz 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz)
Cebus cesarae Río Cesar white-fronted capuchin 1949 Hershkovitz 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) data deficient
Cebus malitiosus Santa Marta white-fronted capuchin 1909 Elliot 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) endangered
Cebus cuscinus Shock-headed capuchin 1901 Thomas 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) near threatened
Cebus leucocephalus Sierra de Perijá white-fronted capuchin 1866 Gray 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz)
Cebus unicolor Spix's white-fronted capuchin 1823 Spix 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz)
Cebus versicolor Varied white-fronted capuchin 1845 Pucheran 2,900–3,400 g (100–120 oz) endangered
Cebus olivaceus Wedge-capped capuchin 1848 Schomburgk least concern [90][91]
Cebus brunneus Brown weeper capuchin 1914 Allen least concern
Cebus kaapori Kaapori capuchin 1992 Queiroz critically endangered [92][93]
Sapajus apella Tufted capuchin 1758 Linnaeus 1,900–4,800 g (67–169 oz) least concern [94][95]
Sapajus libidinosus Black-striped capuchin 1823 Spix least concern [96][97]
Sapajus nigritus Black capuchin 1809 Goldfuss near threatened [98][99]
Sapajus xanthosternos Golden-bellied capuchin 1826 Wied critically endangered [100][101]
Sapajus flavius Blond capuchin 1774 Schreber 2,000–3,000 g (71–106 oz) critically endangered [2][102][103]
Sapajus cay Azaras's capuchin 1815 Illiger least concern
Saimiri oerstedii Central American squirrel monkey 1872 Reinhardt 695–829 g (24.5–29.2 oz) vulnerable [104][105]
Saimiri sciureus Guianan squirrel monkey 1758 Linnaeus least concern [106][107]
Saimiri cassiquiarensis Humboldt's squirrel monkey 1840 Lesson
Saimiri collinsi Collins' squirrel monkey 1914 Osgood
Saimiri macrodon Ecuadorian squirrel monkey 1907 Elliot
Saimiri ustus Bare-eared squirrel monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy least concern [108][109]
Saimiri boliviensis Black-capped squirrel monkey 1834 I. Geoffroy and Blainville least concern [110][111]
Saimiri vanzolinii Black squirrel monkey 1985 Ayres least concern [112][113]

Family: AotidaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Aotus lemurinus Gray-bellied night monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy 1,300 g (46 oz) vulnerable [114][115]
Aotus zonalis Panamanian night monkey 1843 I. Geoffroy 889–916 g (31.4–32.3 oz) data deficient [116][117]
Aotus griseimembra Gray-handed night monkey 1912 Elliot 923–1,009 g (32.6–35.6 oz) vulnerable [116][118]
Aotus jorgehernandezi Hernández-Camacho's night monkey 2007 Defler and Bueno data deficient [116][119]
Aotus brumbacki Brumback's night monkey 1983 Hershkovitz vulnerable [116][119]
Aotus trivirgatus Three-striped night monkey 1823 Spix 1,000 g (35 oz) least concern [120][121]
Aotus vociferans Spix's night monkey 1811 Humboldt least concern [122][123]
Aotus miconax Peruvian night monkey 1927 Thomas vulnerable [124][125]
Aotus nancymaae Nancy Ma's night monkey 1983 Hershkovitz least concern [126][127]
Aotus azarae Azara's night monkey 1811 Humboldt least concern [128][129]
Aotus nigriceps Black-headed night monkey 1909 Dollman least concern [130][131]

Family PitheciidaeEdit

Subfamily: CallicebinaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Callicebus (Callicebus) donacophilus White-eared titi 1837 d'Orbigny least concern [132][133]
Callicebus (Callicebus) modestus Rio Beni titi 1939 Lönnberg endangered [134][135]
Callicebus (Callicebus) oenanthe Rio Mayo titi 1924 Thomas endangered [136][137]
Callicebus (Callicebus) olallae Ollala brothers' titi 1939 Lönnberg endangered [138][139]
Callicebus (Callicebus) pallescens White-coated titi 1907 Thomas least concern [140][141]
Callicebus (Callicebus) baptista Baptista Lake titi 1939 Lönnberg least concern [142][143]
Callicebus (Callicebus) bernhardi Prince Bernhard's titi 2002 van Roosmalen et al. least concern [144][145]
Callicebus (Callicebus) brunneus Brown titi 1842 Wagner least concern [146][147]
Callicebus (Callicebus) cinerascens Ashy black titi 1823 Spix least concern [148][149]
Callicebus (Callicebus) hoffmannsi Hoffmanns's titi 1908 Thomas least concern [150][151]
Callicebus (Callicebus) moloch Red-bellied titi 1807 Hoffmannsegg least concern [152][153]
Callicebus (Callicebus) barbarabrownae Barbara Brown's titi 1990 Hershkovitz critically endangered [154][155]
Callicebus (Callicebus) coimbrai Coimbra Filho's titi 1999 Kobayashi and Langguth endangered [156][157]
Callicebus (Callicebus) melanochir Coastal black-handed titi 1820 Wied-Neuwied vulnerable [158][159]
Callicebus (Callicebus) nigrifrons Black-fronted titi 1823 Spix near threatened [160][161]
Callicebus (Callicebus) personatus Atlantic titi 1812 É. Geoffroy in Humboldt vulnerable [162][163]
Callicebus (Callicebus) caligatus Chestnut-bellied titi 1842 Wagner least concern [164][165]
Callicebus (Callicebus) cupreus Coppery titi 1823 Spix least concern [166][167]
Callicebus (Callicebus) discolor White-tailed titi 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville least concern [168][169]
Callicebus (Callicebus) dubius Hershkovitz's titi 1988 Hershkovitz least concern [170][171]
Callicebus (Callicebus) ornatus Ornate titi 1866 Gray vulnerable [172][173]
Callicebus (Callicebus) stephennashi Stephen Nash's titi 2002 van Roosmalen et al. data deficient [174][175]
Callicebus (Torquatus) lucifer Lucifer titi 1914 Thomas least concern [176][177]
Callicebus (Torquatus) lugens Black titi 1811 Humboldt least concern [178][179]
Callicebus (Torquatus) medemi Colombian black-handed titi 1963 Hershkovitz vulnerable [180][181]
Callicebus (Torquatus) purinus Rio Purus titi 1927 Thomas least concern [182][183]
Callicebus (Torquatus) regulus Red-headed titi 1927 Thomas least concern [184][185]
Callicebus (Torquatus) torquatus Collared titi 1807 Hoffmannsegg least concern [186][187]
Callicebus aureipalatii Madidi titi 2005 Wallace least concern [188]

Subfamily: PitheciidaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Pithecia pithecia White-faced saki 1766 Linnaeus least concern [189][190]
Pithecia monachus Monk saki 1812 É. Geoffroy 1,500–3,000 g (53–106 oz) least concern [191][192]
Pithecia irrorata Rio Tapajós saki 1842 Gray least concern [193][194]
Pithecia aequatorialis Equatorial saki 1987 Hershkovitz least concern [195][196]
Pithecia albicans White-footed saki 1860 Gray vulnerable [197][198]
Chiropotes satanas Black bearded saki 1807 Hoffmannsegg critically endangered [199][200]
Chiropotes chiropotes Red-backed bearded saki 1811 Humboldt least concern [201][202]
Chiropotes israelita Brown-backed bearded saki 1823 Spix not evaluated [203]
Chiropotes utahickae Uta Hick's bearded saki 1985 Hershkovitz endangered [204][205]
Chiropotes albinasus White-nosed saki 1848 I. Geoffroy and Deville endangered [206][207]
Cacajao melanocephalus Black-headed uakari 1812 Humboldt least concern [208][209]
Cacajao calvus Bald uakari 1847 I. Geoffroy 4,000 g (140 oz) vulnerable [210][211]
Cacajao ayresii Aracá uakari 2008 Boubli et al. vulnerable [212][213]
Cacajao hosomi Neblina uakari 2008 Boubli et al. vulnerable [212][214]

Family AtelidaeEdit

Subfamily: AlouattinaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Alouatta coibensis Coiba Island howler 1902 Thomas vulnerable [215][216]
Alouatta palliata Mantled howler 1849 Gray 9,800 g (350 oz) least concern [217][218]
Alouatta pigra Guatemalan black howler 1933 Lawrence 6,400–11,400 g (230–400 oz) endangered [219][220]
Alouatta belzebul Red-handed howler 1766 Lawrence vulnerable [221][222]
Alouatta guariba Brown howler 1812 Humboldt least concern [223][224]
Alouatta macconnelli Guyanan red howler 1766 Linnaeus least concern [225][226]
Alouatta nigerrima Amazon black howler 1942 Lönnberg least concern [227][228]
Alouatta sara Bolivian red howler 1910 Elliot least concern [229][230]
Alouatta seniculus Venezuelan red howler 1766 Linnaeus 4,200–9,000 g (150–320 oz) least concern [231][232]
Alouatta caraya Black howler 1812 Humboldt least concern [233][234]

Subfamily: AtelinaeEdit

Scientific name Common name Classified Average size Conservation status References
Ateles paniscus Red-faced spider monkey 1758 Linnaeus 7,000 g (250 oz) vulnerable [235][236]
Ateles belzebuth White-fronted spider monkey 1806 É. Geoffroy endangered [237][238]
Ateles chamek Peruvian spider monkey 1812 Humboldt endangered [239][240]
Ateles hybridus Brown spider monkey 1829 I. Geoffroy critically endangered [241][242]
Ateles marginatus White-cheeked spider monkey 1809 É. Geoffroy endangered [243][244]
Ateles fusciceps Black-headed spider monkey 1866 Gray 8,800 g (310 oz) critically endangered [245][246]
Ateles geoffroyi Geoffroy's spider monkey 1820 Kuhl 6,000–9,000 g (210–320 oz) endangered [247][248]
Brachyteles arachnoides Southern muriqui 1806 É. Geoffroy 8,000–15,000 g (280–530 oz) endangered [249][250]
Brachyteles hypoxanthus Northern muriqui 1820 Kuhl critically endangered [251][252]
Lagothrix lagotricha Brown woolly monkey 1812 Humboldt vulnerable [253][254]
Lagothrix cana Gray woolly monkey 1812 É. Geoffroy endangered [255][256]
Lagothrix lugens Colombian woolly monkey 1907 Elliot critically endangered [257][258]
Lagothrix poeppigii Silvery woolly monkey 1944 Schinz vulnerable [259][260]
Oreonax flavicauda Yellow-tailed woolly monkey 1812 Humboldt 5,700–8,300 g (200–290 oz) critically endangered [261][262]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Rylands AB, Mittermeier RA (2009). "The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini)". In Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB (eds.). South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer. pp. 23–54. ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6.

NotesEdit

  1. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39 2.40 2.41 2.42 Rylands & Mittermeier pp. 23-54
  3. Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A.; Oliveira, M. M. & Keirulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix jacchus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  5. Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix penicillata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  7. Rylands, A. B. & Kierullf, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix kuhlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  8. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  9. Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  10. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  11. Rylands, A. B.; Ferrari, S. F. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix flaviceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  12. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  13. Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Callithrix aurita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  14. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 129–130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  15. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jn., J. (2008). "Mico acariensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  16. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  17. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico argentatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  18. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  19. Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Mico leucippe". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  20. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  21. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico emiliae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  22. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  23. Rylands, A. B.; Ferrari, S. F. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Mico nigriceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  24. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 131–132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  25. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico manicorensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  26. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  27. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico marcai". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  28. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  29. Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Mico melanurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  30. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  31. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico humeralifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  32. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  33. Rylands, A. B.; Silva Jr., J. S. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Mico mauesi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  34. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  35. Rylands, A. B. & Silva Jr., J. S. (2008). "Mico chrysoleucus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  36. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
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  43. Kierulff, M.C.M.; Rylands, A.B. & de Oliveira, M.M. (2008). "Leontopithecus rosalia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 March 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  45. Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus chrysomelas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  47. Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus chrysopygus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  49. Kierulff, M. C. M.; Rylands, A. B.; Mendes, S. L. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Leontopithecus caissara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  51. Mittermeier, R. A.; Rylands, A. B. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Saguinus midas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  53. Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus niger". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  55. de la Torre, S. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus nigricollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  57. de la Torre, S.; Di Fiore, A. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saguinus nigricollis ssp. graellsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  59. Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus fuscicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  61. Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus melanoleucos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  63. de la Torre, S. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Saguinus tripartitus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  65. Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus mystax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  67. Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Saguinus mystax ssp. pileatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  73. Mittermeier, A. B.; Boubli, J.-P.; Subirá, R. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Saguinus bicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  125. Cornejo, F.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Heymann, E. (2008). "Aotus miconax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  126. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  127. Cornejo, F. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Aotus nancymaae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  128. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 139–140. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  129. Fernandez-Duque, E.; Wallace, R. B. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Aotus azarae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  130. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 139–140. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  131. Cornejo, F. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Aotus nigriceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  132. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  133. Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus donacophilus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  134. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  135. Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Martinez, J. (2008). "Callicebus modestus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  136. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  137. Veiga, L. M.; DeLuycker, A. M.; Bóveda-Penalba, A. J.; Vermeer, J. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Callicebus oenanthe". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  138. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  139. Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Martinez, J. (2008). "Callicebus olallae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  140. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  141. Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Velilla, M. (2008). "Callicebus pallescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  142. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 141. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  143. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus baptista". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  144. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  145. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus bernhardi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  146. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  147. Veiga, L. M.; Wallace, R. B. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus brunneus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  148. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  149. Veiga, L. M.; Noronha, M. N.; Spironello, W. R. & Ferreira, D. C. (2008). "Callicebus cinerascens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  150. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  151. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus hoffmannsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  152. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  153. Veiga, L. M. & Ferrari, S. F. (2008). "Callicebus moloch". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  154. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 141–142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  155. Veiga, L. M.; Printes, R. C.; Rylands, A. B.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus barbarabrownae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  156. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  157. Veiga, L. M.; Sousa, M. C.; Jerusalinsky, L.; Ferrari, S. F.; de Oliveira, M. M.; Santos, S. S. D; Valente, M. C. M. & Printes, R. C. (2008). "Callicebus coimbrai". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  158. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  159. Veiga, L. M.; Printes, R. C.; Ferrari, S. F.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus melanochir". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  160. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  161. Veiga, L. M.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus nigrifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  162. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  163. Veiga, L. M.; Ferrari, S. F.; Kierulff, C. M.; de Oliveira, M. M. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callicebus personatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  164. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  165. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus caligatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  166. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 142–143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  167. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus cupreus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  168. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  169. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus discolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  170. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  171. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus dubius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  172. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  173. Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus ornatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  174. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  175. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus stephennashi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  176. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  177. Veiga, L. M.; de la Torre, S. & Cornejo, F. (2008). "Callicebus lucifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  178. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  179. Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus lugens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  180. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  181. Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Callicebus medemi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  182. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  183. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus purinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  184. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  185. Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus regulus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  186. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  187. Veiga, L. M. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Callicebus torquatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  188. Wallace, R. B.; de la Torre, S. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Callicebus aureipalatii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  189. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 148. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  190. Veiga, L. M. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia pithecia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  191. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 147–148. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  192. Marsh, L. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Pithecia monachus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  193. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  194. Veiga, L. M. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia irrorata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  195. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  196. Marsh, L. & Veiga, L. M. (2008). "Pithecia aequatorialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  197. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  198. Veiga, L. M.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Marsh, L. (2008). "Pithecia albicans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  199. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  200. Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Ferrari, S. F. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Chiropotes satanas". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 Nov 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  201. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  202. Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Chiropotes chiropotes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  203. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  204. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  205. Veiga, L. M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Ferrari, S. F. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Chiropotes utahickae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  206. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  207. Veiga, L. M.; Pinto, L. P.; Ferrari, S. F.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Chiropotes albinasus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  208. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 146. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  209. Barnett, A. A.; Boubli, J.-P.; Veiga, L. M. & Palacios, E. (2008). "Cacajao melanocephalus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  210. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 146–148. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  211. Veiga, L. M.; Bowler, M.; Silva Jr., J. S.; Queiroz, H. L.; Boubli, J.-P. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Cacajao calvus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  212. 212.0 212.1 Boubli, J. P.; M. N. F. da Silva; M. V. Amado; T. Hrbek; F. B. Pontual & I. P. Farias (2008). "A taxonomic reassessment of black uakari monkeys, Cacajao melanocephalus group, Humboldt (1811), with the description of two new species". International Journal of Primatology. 29: 723–749. doi:10.1007/s10764-008-9248-7.
  213. Boubli, J.-P. & Veiga, L.M. (2008). "Cacajao ayresi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 Oct 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  214. Boubli, J.-P. & Veiga, L.M. (2008). "Cacajao hosomi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 October 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  215. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  216. Cuarón, A. D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P. C. & Link, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata ssp. coibensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  218. Cuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P.C.; Link, A.; Palacions, E. & Morales, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  220. Marsh, L.K.; Cuarón, A.D.; Cortés-Ortiz, L.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C, (2008). "Alouatta pigra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 October 2008.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  222. Veiga, L. M.; Kierulff, C. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Alouatta belzebul". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  224. Mendes, S. L.; Rylands, A. B.; Kierulff, M. C. M. & de Oliveira, M. M. (2008). "Alouatta guariba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  226. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta macconnelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  228. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta nigerrima". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  230. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Alouatta sara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  232. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2008). "Alouatta seniculus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  234. Fernandez-Duque, E.; Wallace, R. B. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Alouatta caraya". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  236. Mittermeier, R. A.; Rylands, A. B. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Ateles paniscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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  238. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Stevenson, P.; Link, A.; Marsh, L. & Morales, A.L. (2008). "Ateles belzebuth". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  239. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  240. Wallace, R.B.; Mittermeier, R.A.; Cornejo, F. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Ateles chamek". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  241. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  242. Urbani, B.; Morales, A. L.; Link, A. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Ateles hybridus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  243. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  244. Mittermeier, R. A.; Boubli, J. P. & Di Fiore, A. (2008). "Ateles marginatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  245. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 150. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  246. Cuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P.C. & Link, A. (2008). "Ateles fusciceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2008-11-05.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  247. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  248. Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Ateles geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 7 October 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  249. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  250. Mendes, S.L.; de Oliveira, M.M.; Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Brachyteles arachnoides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  251. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 151. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  252. Mendes, S.L.; de Oliveira, M.M.; Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Brachyteles hypoxanthus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  253. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  254. Palacios, E.; Boubli, J.-P.; Stevenson, P.; Di Fiore, A. & de la Torre, S. (2008). "Lagothrix lagotricha". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 November 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  255. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 151–152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  256. Boubli, J.-P.; Di Fiore, A.; Rylands, A. B. & Wallace, R. B. (2008). "Lagothrix cana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  257. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  258. Stevenson, P. & Link, A. (2008). "Lagothrix lugens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  259. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 151–152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  260. Stevenson, P.; Link, A.; Di Fiore, A.; de la Torre, S. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Lagothrix poeppigii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  261. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  262. Cornejo, F.; Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. & Heymann, E. (2008). "Oreonax flavicauda". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 January 2009.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)