List of leaders of North Korea

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The Supreme leader of North Korea is the head of state and head of government of North Korea. The leader chairs the executive branch of the unitary government and is the commander in chief of the North Korean Armed Forces. As the holder of the highest office of the Democratic Republic of Korea, the Supreme leader is the chief executive of the state.

Supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국의 최고령도자
Coat of Arms of North Korea.svg
Kim Jong-un April 2019 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Kim Jong-un

since 17 December 2011
StyleSupreme leader (formal)
His Excellency (우수) (diplomatic or in international correspondence)
ResidenceRyongsong Residence[1]
Term lengthNo limit
Inaugural holderKim Il-sung
Formation9 September 1948
List of leaders of North Korea
Hangul
조선민주주의인민공화국의 최고령도자
Hanja
朝鮮民主主義人民共和國의 最高領導者
Revised RomanizationJoseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwagukui Choegoryeongdoja

Generations of leadershipEdit

  First generation   Second generation   Third generation

  • Bold offices refer to the highest positions in North Korea
Picture Name Offices held Period Ideology
  Kim Il-sung
김일성
(1912–1994)
 
Premier of the Cabinet of the DPRK 9 September 1948 – 28 December 1972 9 September 1948

8 July 1994 †
(45 years, 302 days)
Juche
(Ten Principles)
Chairman of the Central Committee of the WPK 30 June 1949 – 11 October 1966
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the WPK 26 June 1950 – 8 July 1994
Supreme Commander of the KPA 4 July 1950 – 24 December 1991
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the WPK 11 October 1966 – 8 July 1994
President of the DPRK 28 December 1972 – 8 July 1994
Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK 28 December 1972 – 9 April 1993
Eternal President of the DPRK 5 September 1998 – present
  Kim Jong-il
김정일
(1941–2011)
 
Supreme Commander of the KPA 24 December 1991 – 17 December 2011 8 July 1994

17 December 2011 †
(17 years, 162 days)
Juche
Songun
(Ten Principles)
Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK 9 April 1993 – 17 December 2011
General Secretary of the WPK 8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the WPK
Eternal General Secretary of the WPK 11 April 2012 – present
Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK 13 April 2012 – present
  Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1983)
 
Supreme Commander of the KPA 30 December 2011 – present 17 December 2011

Incumbent
(10 years, 182 days)
First Secretary of the WPK 11 April 2012 – 9 May 2016
Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the WPK 11 April 2012 – present
First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK 13 April 2012 – 29 June 2016
Chairman of the WPK 9 May 2016 – present
Chairman of the State Affairs Commission 29 June 2016 – present
Supreme Representative of the Korean People[2] April 2019 – present

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Kim Jong-il's 'Mt. Ryongnam Range' is succeeded by Kim Jong-un's 'Mt. Ami Range'". Leonid Petrov’s Korea Vision. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  2. Josh Doyle (16 April 2019). "Is Kim Jong Un 'supreme representative of all the Korean people'?". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 17 August 2020.