large town in Bedfordshire, England

Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England. It is about 30 miles (48 km) north of London. It is on the M1 motorway and has mainline trains from King's Cross and St Pancras stations. It is an industrial town which has diversified from its original base as a manufacturer of hats and cars. It is also famous for its airport which serves flights across Europe. Its fine communications means it has many people who commute to work in London. It has a population of 213,052 (mid-2019 estimate).[1]



Luton was started in about the 6th century by the Saxons, based by the River Lea.[2] It has a history of industry: making hats[3] and Vauxhall cars for example.



Luton is a unitary authority, which means it is governed locally by its own council, Luton Borough Council.[4] It is represented by two members of parliament.

Its football club is in the English football league and play at Kenilworth Road.[5] Their nickname is 'The Hatters'. They are called this because of Luton's history of making straw hats.



Luton town has a large immigrant population, which consists mainly of people of Pakistani and Bengali origin.[6]


  1. "Table PHP01 2011 Census: Usual residents ... wards in England and Wales;". 2011 Census: population and household estimates for Wards and Output Areas in England and Wales. Office for National Statistics. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2013.. Dunstable wards 36,253. Houghton Regis wards 17,283.
  2. History of Luton
  3. "The Hat Industry of Luton - The Historic England Blog". The Historic England Blog. 10 December 2013. Archived from the original on 8 May 2024. Retrieved 8 May 2024.
  4. Luton Council Website
  5. History of Luton Town F.C.
  6. "Local Authority by Ethnic Group". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2016-10-20. Retrieved 2019-04-25.