Mátyás Rákosi

former First Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party

Mátyás Rákosi ([ˈmaːcaːʃ ˈraːkoʃi]; born Mátyás Rosenfeld; 9 March 1892[1][2] – 5 February 1971[3]) was a Hungarian communist politician who was the de facto leader of Hungary from 1947 to 1956.[4][5]

Mátyás Rákosi
Mattias Rakosi, vice konseljpresident.jpg
Personal details
Born(1892-03-09)9 March 1892
Ada, Austria-Hungary
Died5 February 1971(1971-02-05) (aged 78)
Gorky, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyMSZDP (1910–1918)
MKP (1918–48)
MDP (1948–56)
MSZMP (1956–62)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Austria-Hungary
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Branch/service Austro-Hungarian Army
Hungarian Red Army
Years of service1914–1915
1919
RankCommander of the Red Guard
Battles/warsWorld War I

During his rule in Hungary, there was a political transition from the regime of people's democracy to a socialist state, as well as the accelerated Sovietization of Hungary, accompanied by political repression. Three years after Stalin's death, some time after the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which adopted the historic resolution "On the cult of personality and its consequences", he was dismissed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Gábor Murányi Archived 24 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Mátyás Rákosi, Encyclopedia.com; accessed 22 July 2020.
  3. Matyas Rakosi – History of 1956, rev.hu; accessed 22 July 2020.
  4. Bertényi Iván. Gyapai Gábor: Magyarország rövid története (Maecenas, 2001).
  5. Matyas Rakosi profile, Britannica Online Encyclopedia; accessed 22 July 2020.