Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Russian: Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə sɐˈvʲɛtskəjə fʲɪdʲɪrɐˈtʲivnəjə sətsɨəlʲɪˈsʲtʲitɕɪskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə] (listen)), previously known as the Russian Soviet Republic and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic as well as being unofficially known as Soviet Russia, Russian Federation or simply Russia, was an independent socialist state from 1917 to 1922. Afterwards it was the largest and most populous of the Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1991.
Russian Soviet Federative
Российская Советская Федеративная
Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya
The Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union (red and light yellow) between 1956 and 1991
Union Republic (with priority of republican legislation from 1990)
|Recognised languages||see Languages of Russia|
|Religion||Secular state (de jure)|
State atheism (de facto)
Russian Orthodoxy (majority)
Federal Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist soviet republic
Federal semi-presidential republic
|Head of state|
• 1917 (first)
• 1990–1991 (last)
|Head of government|
• 1917–1924 (first)
• 1991 (last)
VTsIK/Congress of Soviets
Congress of People's Deputies
|Historical era||20th century|
• October Revolution, Soviet Republic proclaimed
|7 November 1917|
|30 December 1922|
|19 February 1954|
|12 June 1990|
|12 December 1991|
• Russian SFSR renamed into the Russian Federation
|25 December 1991|
|26 December 1991|
|12 December 1993|
|1956||17,125,200 km2 (6,612,100 sq mi)|
|Currency||Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)|
|Time zone||(UTC +2 to +12)|
|ISO 3166 code||RU|
- Historical names:
- 1918: Soviet Russian Republic (Советская Российская Республика; Sovetskaya Rossiyskaya Respublika)
- 1918–1936: Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Российская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика; Rossiyskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Federativnaya Sovetskaya Respublika)
- 1936–1991: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика; Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika)
- LENINE'S MIGRATION A QUEER SCENE Archived 16 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Arthur Ransome for The New York Times, 16 March 1918.
- Historical Dictionary of Socialism. James C. Docherty, Peter Lamb. Page 85. "The Soviet Union was a one-party Marxist-Leninist state.".
- "Law of the USSR of March 13, 1990 N 1360-I 'On the establishment of the office of the President of the USSR and the making of changes and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the USSR'". Garant.ru. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- article 114 of the 1937 Constitution, article 171 of the 1978 Constitution
- Riasanovsky, Nicholas (2000). A History of Russia (sixth ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 458. ISBN 0-19-512179-1.
- Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people (original VTsIK variant Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, III Congress revision), article I.
- The Free Dictionary Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Archived 13 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved on 22 June 2011.