Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

constituent republic of the Soviet Union (1922–1991)

The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Russian: Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə sɐˈvʲɛtskəjə fʲɪdʲɪrɐˈtʲivnəjə sətsɨəlʲɪˈsʲtʲitɕɪskəjə rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə] (audio speaker iconlisten), also known as the Russian Soviet Republic and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic as well as being unofficially known as Soviet Russia,[7] the Russian Federation or simply Russia) was an independent socialist state from 1917 to 1922. Afterwards it was the largest and most populous of the Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1991.[8] When the Soviet Union broke up, the Russian SFSR became known as the country of Russia.

Russian Soviet Federative
Socialist Republic
Российская Советская Федеративная
Социалистическая Республика
Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya
Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika
Flag of the Russian SFSR
Flag (1954–1991)
State emblem (1978–1991) of the Russian SFSR
State emblem
Motto: Workers of the world, unite!
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!
Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'! (tr.)
Anthem: (1917–1918)
Рабочая Марсельеза
Rabochaya Marsel'yeza
("Worker's Marseillaise")

("The Internationale")

Патриотическая песня
Patrioticheskaya pesnya
("The Patriotic Song")
The Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union (red and light yellow) between 1956 and 1991
The Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union (red and light yellow) between 1956 and 1991
Sovereign state
Union Republic (with priority of republican legislation from 1990)
Largest cityMoscow
Official languagesRussianb
Recognised languagessee Languages of Russia
Secular state (de jure)
State atheism (de facto)
Russian Orthodoxy (majority)
Federal Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist soviet republic[3]
Federal semi-presidential republic[4]
Head of state 
• 1917 (first)
Lev Kamenevc
• 1990–1991 (last)
Boris Yeltsind
Head of government 
• 1917–1924 (first)
Vladimir Lenine
• 1990–1991
Ivan Silayevf
• 1991 (last)
Boris Yeltsing
VTsIK/Congress of Soviets
Supreme Soviet
Congress of People's Deputies
Historical era20th century
• October Revolution, Soviet Republic proclaimed
7 November 1917
30 December 1922
19 February 1954
12 June 1990
12 December 1991
• Russian SFSR renamed into the Russian Federation
25 December 1991
26 December 1991
12 December 1993
195617,125,200 km2 (6,612,100 sq mi)
• 1989
CurrencySoviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Time zone(UTC +2 to +12)
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeRU
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian Republic
Russian state
Karelo-Finnish SSR
East Prussia
Kuril Islands
Karafuto Prefecture
Tuvan People's Republic
Far Eastern Republic
Soviet Union
Karelo-Finnish SSR
Russian Federation
Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
  1. Remained the national anthem of Russia until 2000.
  2. Official language in the courts from 1937.[5]
  3. As Chairman of the VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee).
  4. As Chairman the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR from 29 May 1990 to 10 July 1991, then as President of Russia (Russian Federation).
  5. As Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR
  6. As Chairmen of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR
  7. Served as acting head of government while President of Russia
Hero of the USSR Seven Hero City awards
The Russian Democratic Federative Republic existed briefly on 19 January 1918, but actual sovereignty was still in the hands of the Soviets even after the Russian Constituent Assembly opened its first and last session in 1918.[6]

References change

  1. Historical names:
    • 1918: Soviet Russian Republic (Советская Российская Республика; Sovetskaya Rossiyskaya Respublika)
    • 1918–1936: Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Российская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика; Rossiyskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Federativnaya Sovetskaya Respublika)
    • 1936–1991: Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика; Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika)
  2. LENINE'S MIGRATION A QUEER SCENE Archived 16 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Arthur Ransome for The New York Times, 16 March 1918.
  3. Historical Dictionary of Socialism. James C. Docherty, Peter Lamb. Page 85. "The Soviet Union was a one-party Marxist-Leninist state.".
  4. "Law of the USSR of March 13, 1990 N 1360-I 'On the establishment of the office of the President of the USSR and the making of changes and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the USSR'". Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  5. article 114 of the 1937 Constitution, article 171 of the 1978 Constitution
  6. Riasanovsky, Nicholas (2000). A History of Russia (sixth ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 458. ISBN 0-19-512179-1.
  7. Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people (original VTsIK variant Archived 7 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, III Congress revision), article I.
  8. The Free Dictionary Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Archived 13 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 22 June 2011.