Tuvan People's Republic

1921–1944 people's republic in Asia

Tuvan People's Republic was a partially recognized state that existed from 1921 to 1944. After 1944 it became part of the Soviet Union. Until 1926, it was also known as People's Republic Tannu-Tuva. Only two states recognized the it: the Soviet Union and Mongolia. Even when it existed, it was seen as a puppet state of the Soviet Union. Its economy was largely based on nomads raising and selling cattle. The republic was between the Siberian part of Russia, and Mongolia. The capital was the city of Kyzyl. Since 1992, the territory is known as the Tuvan Republic. It is a self-governing part inside the Russian state.

Tuvan People's Republic
Tьʙа Arat Respuʙlik
Anthem: Tooruktug Dolgay Tangdym[1]
Blue line is the early border of the TPR. Red line is the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast border.
Blue line is the early border of the TPR. Red line is the Tuvan Autonomous Oblast border.
Location of the Tuvan People's Republic (modern-day boundaries).
Location of the Tuvan People's Republic (modern-day boundaries).
StatusSatellite state of the Soviet Union
51°41′53″N 94°23′24″E / 51.698°N 94.390°E / 51.698; 94.390
Common languages
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party socialist republic
First Secretary and Leader 
• 1921–1922 (first)
Mongush Nimachap
• 1932–1944 (last)
Salchak Toka
Head of state 
• 1921 (first)
Mongush Buyan-Badyrgy
• 1940–1944 (last)
Khertek Anchimaa-Toka
Head of government 
• 1921–1922 (first)
Sodnam Balkhyr
• 1941–1944 (last)
Saryg-Donggak Chymba
LegislaturePeople's Khural[2][3]
Historical eraInterwar period, World War II
• Independence
14 August 1921
• Annexed by the USSR
11 October 1944
• 1931
• 1944[4]
CurrencyTuvan akşa
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Uryankhay Krai
Russian Occupation
Chinese Occupation
Tuvan Autonomous Oblast
Today part ofRussia
Map of the modern Republic of Tuva. The People's replubvlic had mostly the same borders.


  1. Minahan, James (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 193. ISBN 978-0313344978.
  2. "О министерстве" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2023-07-14. Retrieved 2021-11-08.
  3. "стория парламентаризма в Республике Тыва" (in Russian).
  4. Новые исследования Тувы. Электронный журнал «Новые исследования Тувы» (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-08-18.[permanent dead link]