Macbeth, King of Scotland

King of Scotland (1005-1057)

Macbeth (Mac Bethad mac Findlaích in Gaelic) was King of Scotland from 1040-1057.[2] William Shakespeare wrote a famous play about him called Macbeth. In the play, Macbeth is an evil king who murders his cousin so he can become king.[3]

Macbeth or MacBeth
King of Scots
Jacob Jacobsz de Wet II (Haarlem 1641-2 - Amsterdam 1697) - Macbeth, King of Scotland (1043-60) - RCIN 403309 - Royal Collection.jpg
ReignAugust 17th 1040 - August 17th 1057
PredecessorDuncan I[1]
SuccessorLulach[2]
Bornc. 1005
Died17 August 1057
SpouseGruoch or Lady MacBeth[2] (as depicted by Shakespeare)
IssueFerchar Og, prince of Scots (possibly)
Lulach (stepson)
FatherFinlay MacRoray
MotherDonalda, daughter of Malcolm II

BirthEdit

Macbeth was born around 1005 in Morayshire, Scotland.[2] His name in Gaelic was "Mac Bethad mac Findlaích" (in modern Gaelic, it is MacBheatha mac Fhionnlaigh), meaning "son of life".[4] His father was Findláech mac Ruaidrí, Mormaer of Moray.[2] When Macbeth was born, he became Mormaer of Moray. Macbeth's mother, Donada, may have been Malcolm II's second daughter.[2]

MarriageEdit

In 1032, before he became king, Macbeth married Gruoch of Scotland (called "Lady Macbeth" in English).[5] They remained married until his death in 1057. She died three years later, in 1060.[5]

ChildrenEdit

Macbeth may have had one child with Gruoch, but this is not certain. This child was Ferchar Og, Prince of Scots.[source?]

Macbeth did have a stepson, Lulach, who succeeded him as king but died in 1058.[6]

King of ScotsEdit

On 14 August 1040, Macbeth murdered his cousin King Duncan I in battle and was crowned King of Scotland.[1] His reign continued until 15 August 1050, when he was murdered in another battle.[7] Macbeth's stepson Lulach became king in his place.

In 1058, Lulachwas murdered in battle by his cousin Malcolm III, who then became king.

BurialEdit

Macbeth's burial most likely took place soon after his death. He was buried in Iona, Scotland. This is a place where many kings have been buried, starting with the mythical first King of Scots, Kenneth MacAlpin.

MediaEdit

Macbeth is seen in a famous play by William Shakespeare, where he kills his cousin. In real life, Macbeth was more peaceful than this, though he did kill King Duncan I of Scotland.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Johnson, Ben. "Duncan and MacBeth". Historic UK: The History and Heritage Accommodation Guide. Historic UK 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Macbeth (c. 1005 – 1057)". History: Historic Figures. BBC.
  3. Shakespeare, William (July 1, 2003). Macbeth. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743477103.
  4. "Macbeth of Scotland". New World Encyclopedia. August 25, 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Gruoch (fl. 1020 – 1054)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research, Inc. 2002. ISBN 978-0787637361.
  6. "The House of Moray: Lulach 'The Simple,' 1057–1058". Scottish Monarchs. 2004.
  7. "Macbeth | king of Scots | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-04-13.