Artur Manfred Max Neef (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmaɱfɾeð maks]; 26 October 1932 – 8 August 2019) was a Chilean economist and politician. Max-Neef was born in Valparaíso, Chile. He was a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley in the early 1960s. He was known for his fundamental human needs and human scale development.
In 1983, he was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for "revitalising small and medium-sized communities through 'Barefoot Economics'." He ran for President in the 1993 election ending up in fourth place with 5.55% of the vote.