Manuel Merino

President of Peru from 10 to 15 November 2020

Manuel Arturo Merino de Lama (born 20 August 1961) is a Peruvian politician and agronomist who was the Acting President of Peru from 10 November until his resignation five days later on 15 November 2020 following massive protests. He is the shortest serving president of Peru, serving only five days though he was never really president.


Manuel Merino
Merino in November 2011
Acting President of Peru
In office
10 November 2020 – 15 November 2020
Prime MinisterÁntero Flores Aráoz
Vice President
  • First Vice President
    Vacant
  • Second Vice President
    Vacant
Preceded byMartín Vizcarra
Succeeded byFrancisco Sagasti
President of Congress
In office
16 March 2020 – 15 November 2020
Vice President
Preceded byPedro Olaechea
Succeeded byRocío Silva Santisteban (Acting)
First Vice President of Congress
In office
25 July 2011 – 26 July 2012
PresidentDaniel Abugattás
Preceded byAlejandro Aguinaga
Succeeded byMarco Falconí
Member of Congress
Assumed office
16 March 2020
ConstituencyTumbes
In office
25 July 2011 – 26 July 2016
ConstituencyTumbes
In office
26 July 2001 – 26 July 2006
ConstituencyTumbes
Personal details
Born
Manuel Arturo Merino de Lama

(1961-08-20) 20 August 1961 (age 62)
Tumbes, Peru
NationalityPeruvian
Political partyPopular Action
Spouse(s)
Mary Peña (m. 1985)
Children3
Alma materNational University of Tumbes
OccupationPolitician, Agronomist

He came to power after the removal of his predecessor, Martín Vizcarra. Duee to the vacancies of the two vice presidential offices, Merino who was the President of the Congress at that time became acting president as based on the Perivian constitution, if the two vice presidential offices are vacant, then the president of the congress will ascend to the presidency. However, because of massive protests at that time, Merino was forced to resign and was succeeded by Francisco Sagasti.

Presidency

change

On 9 November 2020, the Congress impeached and removed President Martín Vizcarra from office on the grounds of "moral incapacity", a vague term dating back to the 19th century.[1] The move was seen as a coup by many Peruvians,[2]political analysts[1] and media outlets in the country,[3][4][5][6][7] with Vizcarra's removal resulting with the beginning of the 2020 Peruvian protests. The following day, as the President of the Peruvian Congress, Merino became the new president of Peru following the line of succession established in the nation's constitution,[8] forming a far-right government.[9][10][11][12] Five days after taking office, he resigned from the presidency as a result of two deaths in the protests.[13] He was succeeded by Francisco Sagasti.

References

change
  1. 1.0 1.1 "They threw out the president. Now Peru's anti-corruption drive looks in doubt". Los Angeles Times. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  2. "Peru's swears in new leader as political turmoil hits nation". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  3. "Golpe de estado editorial". La República (in Spanish). 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  4. "Manuel Merino presentó al Gabinete de Antero Flores-Aráoz en medio de protestas NNAV |TVPE |VIDEO |VIDEOS |PAIS | VIDEOS". El Comercio (in Spanish). 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  5. "Manuel Merino: crean pedido para rechazar vacancia contra Martín Vizcarra y el golpe de Estado". Líbero (in Spanish). 2020-11-11. Archived from the original on 2020-11-24. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  6. "Trujillo: miles de ciudadanos marchan contra gobierno de Manuel Merino". El Popular (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  7. "Inconformes consideran toma de protesta de Manuel Merino como golpe de Estado". Noticieros Televisa (in Mexican Spanish). 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  8. "Congreso peruano aprueba moción de vacancia y destituye al Presidente Martín Vizcarra". El Mercurio (in European Spanish). 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  9. Tegel, Simeon. "Protests turn to celebrations as Peru's interim president offers resignation". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-12-06. Like his cabinet, made up largely of aging far-right politicians, Merino had appeared incapable of comprehending the fury of the protesters
  10. "Cómo derrocar un Presidente". IDL-Reporteros. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-13. Spanish: Aposentado en Palacio, respaldado por una organización de ultraderecha con una larga lista de almirantes, ... Merino ha pasado su primera noche como 'presidente' English: Resting in the Palace, backed by a far-right organization with a long list of admirals, ... Merino has spent his first night as 'president'
  11. Noriega, Carlos (12 November 2020). "Perú: la ultraderecha copó el gobierno | Bajo la presidencia de Manuel Merino tras el derrocamiento de Martín Vizcarra". Página/12. Retrieved 2020-11-13. Spanish: El gabinete ministerial del nuevo presidente Manuel Merino ... es encabezado por un miembro de la descreditada vieja guardia política, vinculado a la extrema derecha. English: The ultra-conservative right wing has taken over the Peruvian government . The ministerial cabinet of the new president Manuel Merino ... is headed by a member of the discredited political old guard, linked to the extreme right.
  12. ""No sé qué les fastidia", dice el primer ministro de Perú ante las masivas protestas". EFE (in European Spanish). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-13. Spanish: ... un Ejecutivo de "ancha base" pero que finalmente es de corte conservador, con miembros de derecha y ultraderecha. English: ... an Executive with a "broad base" but that is ultimately conservative, with members of the right and far right.
  13. "EN VIVO | Junta de Portavoces se reúne para evaluar renuncia de Manuel Merino tras las muertes de dos jóvenes en la Marcha Nacional | Ántero Flores-Aráoz | Congreso de la República | Vacancia presidencial". RPP (in Spanish). 2020-11-15. Retrieved 2020-11-15.