Roman statesman, lawyer, orator, and philosopher (106–43 BC)
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Marcus Tullius Cicero[1] (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, consul, lawyer, political theorist and philosopher. He is often thought to be one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.[2][3]

Marcus Tullius Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero
Born3 January 106 BC
Arpinum, Italy
Died7 December 43 BC
Formia, Italy
OccupationPolitician, lawyer, orator and philosopher
NationalityAncient Roman
Subjectpolitics, law, philosophy, oratory
Literary movementGolden Age Latin
Notable worksPolitics: Pro Quinctio
Philosophy: De Inventione

His Latin is thought to be the model of Classical Latin. He introduced Greek philosophy to the Romans.

Cicero was heavily involved in the politics of the Roman Republic. After Julius Caesar's death, Cicero became an enemy of Mark Antony. In the power struggle, Cicero attacked Antony in a series of speeches. Cicero was proscribed as an enemy of the state by the Second Triumvirate. He was executed in 43 BC by soldiers working for the Triumvirate.


  1. Latin pronunciation: ['kikeroː], usually pronounced [ˈsɪsərəʊ] in English
  2. Rawson, E.: Cicero, a portrait (1975) p.303
  3. Haskell, H.J.: This was Cicero (1964)p.300-301


  • Everitt, Anthony 2001, Cicero: the life and times of Rome's greatest politician, Random House, hardback, 359 pages, ISBN 0-375-50746-9
  • Haskell, H.J.: (1946) This was Cicero, Fawcett publications, Inc. Greenwich, Conn. USA
  • Rawson, Elizabeth (1975) Cicero, A portrait, Allen Lane, London ISBN 0-7139-0864-5
  • Taylor, H. (1918). Cicero: A sketch of his life and works. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co.

Other websites




Works by Cicero

Preceded by
Lucius Julius Caesar and Gaius Marcius Figulus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Gaius Antonius Hybrida
63 BC
Succeeded by
Decimus Junius Silanus and Lucius Licinius Murena