Martha Jefferson Randolph

First Lady of the United States from 1801 to 1809

Martha Washington Jefferson Randolph (September 27, 1772 – October 10, 1836) was the daughter of Thomas Jefferson and his wife Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. Because her father was a widower, Martha Washington Jefferson Randolph acted as the First Lady of the United States from March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809.

Martha Jefferson Randolph
First Lady of the United States
In role
March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809
PresidentThomas Jefferson
Preceded byAbigail Adams
Succeeded byDolley Madison
Personal details
Born(1772-09-27)September 27, 1772
Monticello, Virginia
DiedOctober 10, 1836(1836-10-10) (aged 64)
Albemarle County, Virginia, U.S.A.
Spouse(s)Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.
RelationsThomas Jefferson and Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson
  • Anne Cary
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Ellen Wayles
  • Ellen Wayles
  • Cornelia Jefferson
  • Virginia Jefferson
  • Mary Jefferson
  • James Madison
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • Meriwether Lewis
  • Septimia Anne
  • George Wythe
OccupationFirst Lady of the United States

Martha was born in Monticello, near Charlottesville, Virginia. She was named Martha Washington in honor of Martha Washington, the wife of the first President of the United States, George Washington. She was educated in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Paris.

In 1790, Martha married Thomas Mann Randolph Jr. They had twelve children. Shortly before her death, she and her husband developed differences. She died in 1836 in Albemarle County, Virginia at the age of 64.