The Mastiff, also called the English Mastiff, is a large breed of dog. They have a rectangular body, thick muscles and a massive head with a wrinkled forehead. They stand from 27.5 inches (70 cm) to 30 inches (76 cm) at the shoulder and typically weigh between 120 pounds (54 kg) and 230 pounds (100 kg). The Mastiff is one of the largest breeds of dogs who can outweigh many full-grown men. They can be gentle with family members but are also excellent guard dogs.
The early Mastiff was called a molosser or molossus. Genetics and breeding dogs to get certain characteristics was unknown then. In 350 BC, Aristotle wrote that the ancestor of the Mastiff was the Molosser. These were the war dogs and guard dogs kept by the Molossoi people, an ancient Greek tribe. Today the two names are often used to mean the same group or family of dogs. For example, the modern St. Bernard is sometimes described as a mastiff and sometimes as a molosser type.
Mastiff or Molosser breedsEdit
While the Mastiff is a recognized breed, there are also a number of working dog varieties that are closely related to the Mastiff. Many prefer to class them as molosser breeds so as not to confuse them with the Mastiff dog breed. Currently there are about 14 different breeds in the molosser/mastiff family of dogs that are bred from or have a common ancestor with the Mastiff. These include the:
- Argentinian Mastiff
- Fila Brasileiro
- Dogue de Bordeaux
- German Mastiff
- Cane Corso
- Neapolitan Mastiff
- Pyrenean Mastiff
- Spanish Mastiff
- Tibetan Mastiff
There are also a large number of dog breeds not called molossers or mastiffs, but are related to them. Some of these include the:
The list includes many more.
Training and temperamentEdit
When training a Mastiff, it is important to recognize they have a certain personality type that needs additional time and patience to learn things. A Mastiff is a very relaxed dog and takes his or her time in doing a task. Owners call this the "Mastiff tempo". A Mastiff can't be trained the same as a Border Collie. In temperament, a modern Mastiff is a patient, sweet-tempered family guardian and companion. Gentle training works best. It is important to start that training early in puppyhood. They are a dog of tremendous size and strength and owning a Mastiff is a large responsibility.
Mastiffs are very predictable when they are facing a threat to their family. If an owner and another person act in a threatening way, the Mastiff will usually get between them to protect its owner. This is hard for the other person to miss and usually results in a cooling down of a heated discussion. But, if the situation does get worse, the Mastiff will usually growl or snarl at the other person as a warning.
Early socialization is important so the Mastiff knows who belongs in the house and who does not. For example, if a Mastiff puppy sees strangers coming and going all the time, they tend to see this as normal and might not recognize an intruder if they see one. However, a properly trained and socialized Mastiff will usually corner a burglar or intruder. Unless the intruder does something foolish, like try to hurt the dog, he or she will probably not be hurt.
- "Meet the Mastiff". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Mastiff". VetStreet. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Vince Stead, New and Improved How to Raise and Train Your Mastiff Puppy Or Dog (Vince Stead, 2011), p. 7
- Linda P. Case, The Dog: Its Behavior, Nutrition, and Health (Arnes, IA: Wiley, 2005), pp. 21–22
- Kim Thornton, Mastiffs: Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Grooming, Behavior and Training (Hauppauge, NY: Barron's; Enfield: Publishers Group UK, 2009), pp. 5–6
- "History and Origin of the Molosser Breeds". Bulldog Information Library. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "Breaking Down the Mastiff Breeds". PetHelpful. 15 October 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Molosser Breeds (Molosser Dogs, Molossers, Mastiff Breeds, Molossoid Breeds, Molossian, Molossi)". Dog Breeds of the World. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Molossers: The Many Faces of Mastiffs (and more)". The Dog Guide. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Training your Mastiff". Mastiffweb. Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "Page Two of the Mastiff FAQ". Mastiff Club of America. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016.