social system in which females hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control

Matriarchy is a social organization where the mother or oldest female heads a family or social group.[1] Descent and relationships are decided through the female line.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion: L-Z, ed. David A. Leeming; Kathryn Madden; Stanton Marlan (Berlin: Springer VS, 2008), p. 552