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Matterhorn

mountain in the Pennine Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy

The Matterhorn (in German; Italian: Cervino, French: Mont Cervin or Le Cervin) is ranked, by height, 12th mountain in the European Alps.[3] Its height is 4,478 metres.[4]

Matterhorn
Matterhorn from Domhütte - 2.jpg
East and north faces of the Matterhorn
Highest point
Elevation4,478 m (14,692 ft)
Prominence1042 m ↓ Col Durand [note 1]
Isolation13.8 km → Liskamm-West Top [note 2]
Parent peakWeisshorn
ListingAlpine four-thousanders
Great north faces of the Alps
Coordinates45°58′35.0″N 7°39′31.0″E / 45.976389°N 7.658611°E / 45.976389; 7.658611Coordinates: 45°58′35.0″N 7°39′31.0″E / 45.976389°N 7.658611°E / 45.976389; 7.658611[1]
Naming
Native nameGerman: Matterhorn, Italian: Cervino, French: Le Cervin
English translationPeak of the Meadows[2]
Geography
Matterhorn is located in Alps
Matterhorn
Matterhorn
Location in the Alps
Location
Parent rangePennine Alps
Topo mapswisstopo 1347 Matterhorn
Climbing
First ascent
Easiest routeHörnli ridge (AD, rock/mixed climb)

The mountain is on the border between Switzerland and Italy, it towers over the Swiss village of Zermatt and the Italian village Breuil-Cervinia in the Val Tournanche. The name of the mountain comes from the German words Matte, meaning valley or meadow, and Horn, which means peak.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Commune Zermatt" (Map). Matterhorn peak (digital ed.). 1:10 0000. National Map 1:10'000. Wabern, Switzerland: Federal Office of Topography – swisstopo. Retrieved 2018-01-23 – via map.geo.admin.ch.
  2. Arnold Lunn, Matterhorn Centenary, Allen & Unwin, 1965 (p. 25)
  3. Even though the Matterhorn is very famous, both because of its beauty, and because it is hard to climb, it is not one of the 100 tallest mountains in the Alps. Several mountains near it, including Monte Rosa, the Dom, Liskamm and the Weisshorn, are taller.
  4. NHK, "Matterhorn: Majestic Peak that Pierces the Sky -- Switzerland, 4,478 m"; retrieved 2012-5-24.
  5. Swiss Mountains - Names www.swissworld.org Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  • Charles Gos, Le Cervin (Attinger, 1948)
  • Edward Whymper, Scrambles Amongst the Alps (1871)

Notes

  1. Despite its prominence in a local sense, the Matterhorn is not among the top 100 mountains in the Alps measured by topographic prominence. Its close neighbors Monte Rosa, the Dom, Liskamm and the Weisshorn, have higher summits. See a panoramic photograph of the view from Finsteraarhorn, to the north. The key col is Col Durand, at 3,436 metres (11,273 ft), between the Matterhorn and the Weisshorn.
  2. Retrieved from Google Earth. The nearest point of higher elevation is the Western Liskamm.

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