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Mengistu Haile Mariam

former dictator of Ethiopia

Mengistu Haile Mariam is an Ethiopian politician. He was an important officer in the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987. He was President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991.

Mengistu Haile Mariam
Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg
Chairman of the Derg and Head of State of Ethiopia
In office
3 February 1977 – 10 September 1987
Preceded byTafari Benti
Succeeded byPosition abolished
President of Ethiopia
In office
10 September 1987 – 21 May 1991
Prime MinisterFikre Selassie Wogderess
Hailu Yimenu
Tesfaye Dinka
Vice PresidentTesfaye Gebre Kidan
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byTesfaye Gebre Kidan
Personal details
Born (1937-05-21) 21 May 1937 (age 82)
Political partyWorkers Party of Ethiopia

Mariam was a dictator. It is estimated that he was responsible for 500,000 to over 2,000,000 deaths. In May 1991 Mariam left the country for Zimbabwe.[1] The Ethiopian Civil War ended when he left.


  1. "Mengistu is handed life sentence". BBC News. 11 January 2007. Retrieved 2 Oct 2016.