Metropolitan Transportation Authority

public transportation organization in New York City, USA

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Metropolitan Transportation Authority

LocaleNew York City
Long Island
Lower Hudson Valley
Coastal Connecticut
Transit typeCommuter rail, local and express bus, subway, bus rapid transit
Number of lines
  • 17 commuter rail lines
    • Staten Island Railway
    • 5 Metro-North lines
    • 11 LIRR lines
  • 24 subway lines
  • 320 bus routes
    • 237 local routes
    • 65 express routes
    • 8 BRT routes
Daily ridership8,658,764 (weekday; all modes)
Chief executiveJanno Lieber (CEO)
Headquarters2 Broadway, New Work, NY 10004
Began operation1965
Number of vehicles2,352 commuter rail cars
6,344 subway
63 SIR cars
5,777 buses

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a government-chartered corporation that operates public transportation in the U.S. state of New York.[1] The MTA runs buses and trains in 12 counties in southeastern New York. It also runs in two counties in southwestern Connecticut. On weekdays, about 11 million passengers use MTA buses and trains. Over 800,000 vehicles use its seven tolled bridges and two tunnels daily.[2]



The MTA was chartered by the New York state government in 1965. In 1965, it was called the Metropolitan Commuter Transportation Authority (MCTA). The MTCA was made by Governor Nelson Rockefeller to buy and run the Long Island Rail Road, which run out of money. The MCTA became the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in 1968. In 1968, it combined the operations of the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) and Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority (TBTA), which are now MTA New York City Transit (NYCT) and MTA Bridges and Tunnels (B&T).

The MTA also took the lease of the Penn Central Transportation's Hudson, Harlem and New Haven commuter rail lines until 1976. In 1976, Conrail took over Penn Central. The MTA did not run these commuter rail lines by itself until 1983. In 1983, it formed the Metro-North Commuter Railroad from the Hudson, Harlem and New Haven lines.

MTA Bridges and Tunnels


MTA Bridges and Tunnels is the largest bridge and tunnel toll agency in the United States. More than a million people use its bridges and tunnels each day. MTA Bridges and Tunnels collect $900 million from tolls each year.

The seven bridges are:

The two tunnels are:

New York City Transit Authority


The New York City Transit Authority[3] has 5.5 million riders per day, or over 1.698 billion a year as of 2019.[4]

The NYCTA runs:


  1. "MTA – Subway, Bus, Long Island Rail Road, Metro-North". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  2. "MTA – About Bridges & Tunnels". Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  3. "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  4. "About NYC Transit". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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