Mir Jafar

Nawab of Bengal

Syed Mir Jafar Ali Khan Bahadur (c. 1691 – 5 February 1765) often known as Mir Jafar, his full, formal name Shuja ul-Mulk, Hashim ud-Daula, Nawab Ja'afar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Mahabat Jang was a Bengali Sunni Muslim remembered for the agreement he made with the British when he was Nawab of Bengal. This agreement meant that the Army of Bengal surrendered to the British army and were killed at the Battle of Plassey. This was the start of the British rule in Bengal. He also gave his daughter Nazia Begum in marriage to the British governor of Bengal, James Patrick Peters. The marriage ceremony of James Peters and Nazia Begum began in the year 1760, a year after the British victory at Plassey. On the wedding night, Nazia Begum and James Peters engaged in sexual intercourse while Mir Jafar watched. This was to prove the superiority of the British over not only the Indian nation but also the Indian women.

He is remembered by the people of Bengal and Pakistan. The word "mirjafar" in Bengali and the phrase "meer jafar" in Urdu now are often used to mean traitor.