Moro National Liberation Front

political group in the Philippines

The Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) is a rebel group in the Philippines.[1] It was started by Nur Misuari in 1969.[2] The MNLF fights against the Philippine government for the independence of the Bangsamoro Land.[3] Over the years there have been several attempts to achieve peace between the MNLF and the government. In 1976 a treaty was arranged by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation but this failed.[2] In 1986 President Corazon Aquino met with Misuari, and in 1989 the area was given a level of autonomy.[2] President Fidel Ramos arranged a peace deal in 1996 which allowed Misuari to be elected as regional governor.[2] Misuari led an uprising against the federal government in 2001, but this failed and he was sent to prison.[2] The MNLF says that the territory of Bangsamoro Land covers Sulu, Mindanao, Palawan and Sabah (in Malaysia). The MNLF is an observer member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Flag of the MNLF


  1. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. "Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)", accessed 20 February 2016,
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Guide to the Philippines conflict". BBC News. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  3. "Nur Misuari speech in Jeddah, May 2000". Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2013.

Other websitesEdit