ethnic group in Burkina Faso and Togo

The Mossi are an ethnic group of people who live mostly in Burkina Faso in Africa, and also in Ivory Coast and Ghana. They make up 40% of all the people in Burkina Faso.[1] They speak a language called Mòoré or More.

Troupe de danseurs Mossi.jpg
Mossi dancers
Total population
6.2 million in Burkina Faso (40%)
1.2 million Ivory Coast
160,140 in Ghana
Regions with significant populations
Mostly Burkina Faso, also in northern Ivory Coast and northern Ghana.
Traditional, Christianity, Islam
Related ethnic groups
Gurunsi, Frafra, Talensi, Bwa, Nankani.
Lobi, Dagaaba, other Gur peoples


The Mossi believe that they came from the marriage of a Dagomba princess called Yennenga (or Nyennega) and a Mandé hunter called Rialé. Yennenga was a warrior princess, daughter of a Dagomba king in Ghana. One day she lost her way and was rescued by Rialé. They got married and had a son called Ouedraogo.[2] Ouedraogo is known as the father of the Mossi people.


  1. "CIA. The World Fact Book. 01/10/2006. Retrieved 02/10/2006". Archived from the original on 2019-09-06. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
  2. Mack-Williams, Kibibi (1996). Mossi. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 25. ISBN 0823919846.