Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari

Iranian scholar, historian and commentator on the Qur'an (839-923)

Abi Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923 أبي جعفر محمد بن جرير الطبري) was one of the earliest, most important and famous Persian historians and explainers of the Qur'an, most famous for his Tarikh al-Tabari (History of the Prophets and Kings) and Tafsir al-Tabari.

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
Amol, Abbasid Caliphate
Died17 February 923 (aged 83-85)
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate
EraMedieval era
RegionPersian scholar

Name change

Tabari (Persian: طبری), Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir at-Tabari, His name means "father of Jafar, named after the Prophet Muhammad, son of Jarir, from the province of Tabaristan".

Biography change

He was born in Amol, Tabaristan, some twenty kilometres south of the Caspian Sea, in the winter of 838-9.[1] He was precocious.[2] He left home to study in A.H. 236 [3] (850-1) when he was twelve. He retained close ties to his home town. He did return at least twice, the last time in A.H. 290 (903) when his outspokenness caused some uneasiness and led to his quick departure.[4]

Related pages change

References change

  1. Rosenthal, Franz, "The Life and Works of al-Tabari" pp. 10-11
  2. Rosenthal ibid p. 15
  3. ibid pp. 15-16
  4. ibid p. 11

Bibliography change

  • Bosworth, C.E., Encyclopedia of Islam, "Al-Tabari, Abu Djafar Muhammad b. Djarir b. Yazid"
  • Rosenthal, Franz, "The Life and Works of al-Tabari" pp. 5–134 of volume one of the English translation of the History.

Other websites change