Munich massacre

attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany

The Munich massacre was an attack that happened on 5-6 September during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. 11 members of the Israel Olympic team were murdered after being taken hostage. A German police officer was also killed.[1]

Munich massacre
Front view of Connollystraße 31 in 2007. The window of Apartment 1 is to the left of and below the balcony.
LocationMunich, West Germany
Coordinates48°10′47″N 11°32′57″E / 48.17972°N 11.54917°E / 48.17972; 11.54917
DateSeptember 5, 1972 (1972-09-05) – September 6, 1972; 51 years ago (1972-09-06)
4:31 am – 12:04 am (UTC+1)
TargetIsraeli Olympic team
Attack type
17 total (12 victims, 5 perpetrators; see list)
  • 6 Israeli coaches
  • 5 Israeli athletes
  • 1 West German police officer
  • 5 Black September members
PerpetratorsBlack September
MotiveIsraeli–Palestinian conflict

The militants demanded the Israeli government to release 234 prisoners held in Israeli jails.[2] Of the eight attackers, five were killed by the police and three were arrested. The three were released from jail.

List of fatalities

Shot during the initial break-in
Shot and killed by grenade in eastern-side helicopter D-HAQO
According to the order in which they were seated, from left to right:
Shot in western-side helicopter D-HAQU
According to the order in which they were seated, from left to right:
Shot in control tower during gunfight
Palestinian militants shot dead by West German police


  1. Breznican, Anthony (22 December 2005). "Messages from 'Munich'". USAToday. Gannett Co. Retrieved 17 April 2009.
  2. Karon, Tony (12 September 2000). "Revisiting the Olympics' Darkest Day". Time. Archived from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 13 May 2010.

Other websites


  Media related to Munich massacre at Wikimedia Commons