The Musaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Zingiberales. The family is native to the tropics of the Old World. The plants are large herbs with very big leaves; the lower parts of the leaves form a false stem so they look as trees.
The species of this family are native to the tropics of Africa, East Asia, Australia and South Pacific; some of them, like bananas and plantains, are grown in all tropical countries for their fruits.
These are perennial herbaceous plants; they are not very tall. The lower parts of the big leaves are closely packed making a false stem (pseudostem) that is not made of wood. The true stems grow underground; it is called a rhizome or a corm. The false stems die after flowering and producing fruits and are replaced by new false stems rising from the underground corm.
There are three genera in this family:
- Department of Botany. "Families in the Zingiberales - Musaceae". Zingiberales Research. National Museum of Naural History - Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Wu, Delin; Kress, W. John. "Musaceae in Flora of China". Retrieved 22 May 2013.
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- Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de (1789). Genera Plantarum, secundum ordines naturales disposita juxta methodum in Horto Regio Parisiensi exaratam. Paris. OCLC 315729. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Musella", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 22 May 2013
- Watson, L.; Dallwitz, M.J. "Angiosperm families - Musaceae". Retrieved 22 May 2013.
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