New York City Police Department

municipal police force in the United States
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The New York City Police Department (NYPD), started in 1844, is the largest police force in the United States. There are currently 37,838 Uniformed Police Personnel, 4,500 Auxiliary Police Personnel and 5,000 School Safety Agents.[source?] It is the police force that serves the five boroughs of New York City. The NYPD was one of the first "modern" style police departments in the United States with the Boston Police Department.[7] The NYPD uses a color of the day to allow uniformed officers to recognize undercover officers to prevent accidental shootings.[8]

City of New York Police Department
Common name New York City Police Department
Abbreviation NYPD
NYPD shield (officer)
  • Fidelis ad Mortem (Latin)
  • "Faithful unto Death"
Agency Overview
Formed May 23, 1845; 179 years ago (1845-05-23)
Employees 50,676[1]
Annual Budget US$5.4 b (2022)[2]
Legal personality Governmental agency
Jurisdictional Structure
Divisional agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
City of [[New York City, New York|New York City, New York ]], United States
Size 468.484 sq mi (1,213.37 km2)
Population 8,468,190 (2021)[3]
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational Structure
Headquarters One Police Plaza, Lower Manhattan
Police Officers Approximately 36,000 [1]
Civilian Employees Approximately 19,000 [1]
Police Commissioner responsible Edward Caban
Agency executives
  • 77 precincts[4]
  • 12 transit districts
  • 9 housing police service areas
Police vehicles 9,624[5]
Police boats 29[6]
Helicopters 8
Horses 45
K-9 units 34

Street Crimes Unit


The NYPD’s street crime unit (motto: "We Own The Night") was a 300+ member plain clothes unit for reducing crime that became well known after the 1999 killing of Amadou Diallo. The four officers involved in the shooting were all members of the street crime unit. The unit was ended in 2002 because of the Diallo shooting. The unit's last leader was Inspector Bruce H. Smolka, who was later made Assistant Chief. The street crime unit has been replaced by the local precincts Anti-Crime Units. All of the officers involved in the shooting were found not guilty of the criminal charges in a long trial that took place in Albany after a successful request to change the location of the trial from the Bronx, where the shooting happened.[source?]

The street crime unit was started in 1971 and had a long history of success in catching armed criminals on NYC streets. The establishment of the street crime unit led to the development of the color of the day undercover officer recognition system.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Report to the Committees on Finance and Public Safety on the Fiscal 2022 Executive Budget for the New York Police Department" (PDF). New York City Council. 11 May 2021. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 24, 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  2. "Report of the Finance Division on the Fiscal 2022 Preliminary Budget and the Fiscal 2021 Preliminary Mayor's Management Report for the New York Police Department" (PDF). 16 March 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 7, 2021. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  3. "QuickFacts: New York city, New York". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  4. "Find Your Precinct and Sector - NYPD". Archived from the original on March 4, 2021. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  5. "Fleet Report - Mayor's Office of Operations". Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  6. "NYPD Crew: Meet the Mechanics Who Keep Police Cars, Boats, and Helicopters Alive". Popular Mechanics. 28 February 2018. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  7. "".
  8. Krauss, Clifford (24 August 1994). "Subway Chaos: Officer Firing at Officer". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-10.

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