non-pathological explanation of variations in mental functions

Neurodiversity is a word for differences in people's brains. It is a type of biodiversity (diversity in living creatures).

A drawing of different people with different brains

Examples of neurodiverse conditions include autism, Tourette syndrome, ADHD, dyslexia and HSP.



The neurodiversity movement is an approach to mental disability in which some neurological conditions are variations of the human brain. The term was first used in the late 1990s as a challenge to the idea that neurological differences are disorders instead of features. The movement believes that these variations should be recognised as a social category along with gender, human race and sexual orientation.

Some people claim that neurodiversity would not be good for individuals with severe disabilities, such as low-functioning autism. They state that the difficulties are far greater than any potential strengths.[1]



  1. Robison, John. "The Controversy Around Autism and Neurodiversity". Psychology Today. Retrieved 4 July 2020.