North Circular Road

road which crosses North London, UK

51°36′58″N 0°05′43″W / 51.6161°N 0.0952°W / 51.6161; -0.0952

A406 shield
North Circular Road
The route of the North Circular Road in Greater London, with the South Circular Road and Woolwich Ferry
Route information
Maintained by Transport for London
Length25.7 mi[1] (41.4 km)
HistoryOpened: 1910
Completed: c. 1930
Major junctions
West endChiswick (M4 Junction 1)
Major intersections
East endBeckton
CountryUnited Kingdom
Road network

The North Circular Road (officially the A406 and sometimes known as simply the North Circular) is a 25.7-mile-long (41.4 km) ring road around Central London in England. It runs from Chiswick in the west to Woolwich in the east via suburban North London. It connects lots of suburbs and other trunk roads in the region. Together with the South Circular Road, it forms a ring road around central London. This ring road does not make a full circuit of the city. Instead, it is C-shaped. This is because the crossing over the River Thames in the east is made on the Woolwich Ferry.

Route change

The North Circular Road is the northern part of a ring-road around Central London.[2] It has seen much more investment than the South Circular Road, and it runs on much wider roads. Existing houses were demolished for the North Circular Road.[3][4] The route has other names at some points. However, it is mostly called the North Circular for route planning purposes. The route is mostly grade-separated dual carriageway from the A40 at Hanger Lane to the A13 in Beckton except for the Drury Way/Brentfield Road junction, the Golders Green Road/Brent Street junction, Henlys Corner and the section from Bounds Green to Green Lanes.[5] In worse sections, the original names such as Gunnersbury Avenue and Bowes Road are used.

Junctions change

The North Circular Road has a lots of different junctions that connect to other roads. Some are complex and grade-separated, like at Charlie Brown's Roundabout near Woodford. Some are at-grade junctions with traffic lights. The original road only had at-grade junctions. Many of these were improved and grade separated in the late 1970s and early 1980s.[6]

Current junctions change

Name Destinations Notes
Chiswick flyover     A315 / A4 / A205  – Chiswick, Kew, Brentford, Staines-upon-Thames, Hounslow
Gunnersbury Park   B4491 / A4000  – South Ealing, Shepherd's Bush, Acton
  A4020  – Ealing, Southall, Acton The historic London – Oxford postal route at Ealing Common
Hanger Lane Gyratory    A40 / A4005  – Greenford, Perivale, Alperton, Park Royal, Acton Northolt
  A404  – Harrow, Wembley, Harlesden Near Stonebridge Park station
Brent Park, Superstores, Wembley Stadium, Industrial Estate
  A4088  – Willesden, Neasden, Kingsbury
Staples Corner    M1 / A5  – The NORTH, Watford, Harrow, Kilburn, Cricklewood, Edgware, West Hendon A5 is the historic Watling Street from London to Wroxeter
Brent Cross    A41 to A1Kilburn, Cricklewood, Hendon, Hatfield
   A502 to A1  – Mill Hill, Golders Green, Hampstead
Henlys Corner    A1 to M1  – The NORTH, Watford, Mill Hill, Hendon West end of merge with the A1
Henlys Corner   A598  – Finchley, Golders Green A special pedestrian crossing for Jews to use on the Sabbath is located here[7]
Henlys Corner   A1  – Central London, Holloway East end of merge with A1
  A1000  – North Finchley, East Finchley, Chipping Barnet The historic Great North Road
Colney Hatch Junction B550  – Muswell Hill, Friern Barnet, Retail Park
Hobart Corner    A109 / A1004  – New Southgate, Whetstone, Southgate
Bounds Green interchange   A1110 / B1452  – New Southgate, Southgate A regular congestion hotspot where traffic must narrow to single carriageway and perform a 90 degree turn.[8] Transport for London have earmarked the junction for improvement.[9]
Clockhouse Junction   A105  – Palmers Green, Wood Green, Hornsey
Great Cambridge Road Roundabout     A10 to M25 / A111  – Central London, Dalston, Hertford, Enfield, Potters Bar, Ware, Royston, Cambridge
Crooked Billet Roundabout   A112  – Chingford, Walthamstow, Highams Park
Waterworks     A104 to A503 / M11Woodford, Leytonstone, Walthamstow
Charlie Brown's    A1400 / A113  – Gants Hill, Chigwell Restricted access; eastbound exit and westbound entrance. The original Charlie Brown's was the roundabout underneath this junction. It was named after a pub next to the roundabout, which was demolished in 1972.[5][10]
Charlie Brown's   M11  – Stansted, Cambridge
Redbridge Roundabout   A12  – Central London, Stratford, Chelmsford, Romford Also the location of Redbridge tube station
  A118  – Manor Park, Ilford The historic Roman Road from London to Colchester
  A124  – East Ham, Barking, London
Beckton Roundabout      A13 / A1020 (North Circular) to M25 / A117  – Tilbury, Dartford Crossing, Woolwich Ferry, Central London, Blackwall Tunnel

Former junctions change

Name Destinations Notes
Waterworks Corner    A104 / A503 To avoid Epping Forest, the original build of the North Circular met the A104 at a different location by a water works northeast of Walthamstow.[11]
Gants Hill    A12 / A123 Gants Hill Underground station is also at this location.

Public transport change

There are three bus routes where most of the route is on the North Circular Road:

References change

  1. "Gunnersbury Avenue to North Circular Road, Barking". Google Maps. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  2. Griffin, Christopher (2008). Nomads Under the Westway: Irish Travellers, Gypsies and Other Traders in West London. University of Hertfordshire Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-902-80654-9.
  3. Weinreb 2008.
  4. "A406 timeline: a half century of broken promises". Enfield Independent. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Dunn, Joseph (7 April 2014). "Great drives: The North Circular, London". Sunday Times Driving. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  6. "North Circular Road, Ealing". Hansard. 15 December 1978. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  7. "Work on Henlys Corner junction improvement scheme to begin in February 2011". Transport for London. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  8. "Six months of traffic chaos looms as works reduce Wood Green High Road to one lane". Tottenham and Wood Green Journal. 1 September 2014. Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  9. "Walking". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  10. "Mystery of the Charlie Brown Roundabout". Go Britannia travel guide. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  11. The Times Road Map of London (Map). The Times. 1926. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  12. "34 bus route". Transport for London. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  13. "112 bus route". Transport for London. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  14. "232 bus route". Transport for London. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

Other websites change