Nut (fruit)

in botany, type of dry indehiscent fruit
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A nut is a hard-shelled fruit of some plants. They are an important part of the diet. Many dried seeds and fruits are called 'nuts' in English, but only some are nuts to a botanist.

Hazelnuts from the common hazel
A walnut and a walnut core having been removed from the outer pithy fruit. Walnuts are not true nuts.

Nuts are made of the seed and the fruit. Most seeds come from fruits, and the seeds are released from the fruit. But nuts have a stony fruit wall which keeps the seed inside.



In common speaking, many so-called nuts, like pistachios and Brazil nuts,[1] are not nuts in a biological sense. Everyday usage of the term often means any hard-walled, edible kernel.[2]

A nut in botany is a simple dry fruit with one seed (rarely two). The ovary wall is hard (stony or woody) when it matures, and the seed is stuck to the ovary wall.

Types of nuts


Types of nuts include the oak, hickory, chestnut, stone-oak, birch, hazelnut, and acorn. The peanut, coconut, almond, macadamia, pistachio, pecan, walnut and cashew are not true nuts, but are used like nuts in cooking.



Nuts have nutrients that are important for growing a new plant. They have protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Nuts also give these nutrients to humans and wildlife that eat them. However, some people are allergic to nuts.


  1. Alasalvar, Cesarettin; Shahidi, Fereidoon (2009). Tree Nuts: composition, phytochemicals, and health effects (nutraceutical science and technology). CRC. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-8493-3735-2.
  2. Black, Michael H.; Halmer, Peter (2006). The encyclopedia of seeds: science, technology and uses. Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-85199-723-0.

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