oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment. Oil from ships and oil tankers can spill onto the sea water and pollute the water.
Kelp at an oil spill Special barriers limit the spread of the oil spill Oil-covered bird, the result of an oil spill Oil poisons and harms the aquatic organisms and seabirds. The fur of sea mammals and the feathers of seabirds can be damaged by the oil. The animals may suffer, and the effect may be fatal for them.
When birds get soaked in
oil, they can't fly and they can't go in water.
Most often the term is used for
marine environments, where coasts, lakes, rivers and oceans are polluted. There are three main ways to combat such pollution once it has occurred:
Use of barriers to limit the pollution to a given zone.
Skimming of the oil with specially constructed ships
Chemical dispersion of the oil
Controlled burning of the oil
Bioremediation, using microogranisms that consume the oil or oil-related products
An oil spill can not only affect the
coasts, lakes, rivers, and oceans but also the environment and the ecosystems. Many animals could get injured and later die without help. Also all the vegetation could be affected by the oil.