In 1993, the Tajik government arrested Bobonazarova. They said Bobonazarova planned to take over the government by violence. Bobonazarova was in jail for a few months. Then she became a human rights counselor in the Tajik office of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. She also worked for the Tajik branch of the Open Society Foundation. In 2013, she became the head of the “Perspektiva Plus” human rights group. They work for the rights of prisoners, women, and Tajikistani labor migrants. She also worked to create Tajikistan's first independent prison monitoring program. In 2004, Tajik prisons closed to outsiders.
In 2013, Bobonazarova was the first woman to try to run for president in Tajikistan. Her campaign did not get enough signatures. She was the first Tajikistani woman to receive the International Women of Courage Award.
- "2014 International Women of Courage Award Winners - International Women of Courage Celebration".
- "Bios of 2014 Award Winners".
- "Tajik Opposition Taps Candidate to Run Against Strongman President". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Tajik Human Rights Activist Named a Woman of Courage · Global Voices". Global Voices. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Woman bids for Tajik presidency backed by Islamic party". Fox News. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "AWIU » Introducing Oinikhol Bobonazarova, 2014 International Women of Courage Awardee". Awiu.org. Retrieved 18 October 2014.