Okarito brown kiwi
The Okarito brown kiwi (Apteryx rowi), Okarito kiwi or Rowi kiwi is a type of kiwi bird. It was discovered in 2003. It is found in a protected area of the Okarito forest on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island. There are only about 600 Okarito brown kiwis.
|Adult Okarito kiwi|
This bird has gray-brown feathers. It sometimes has white feathers on its face. Its legs, feet and claws are pale. It has small wings and does not fly. It has no tail. It has a long pale bill, or beak.
Before humans came to New Zealand, there were Okarito brown kiwi all through the northern part of the South Island and the southern part of the North Island. However, in 1990, there were 160 rowi left in all New Zealand. In 2012, there were about 375.
These rowi live in Okarito, where they build nests and lay eggs themselves. Human beings sometimes take eggs and chicks to islands where they can grow up without stoats or other mammal predators eating them, but the kiwi do not go to those islands on their own. This is part of Operation Nest Egg.
The kiwis make a nest in a hollow log, crack in a rock or space dug out of the ground. The male and female kiwi both sit on the egg. The female kiwi lays only one egg at a time, but sometimes she will lay one new egg just before the old one hatches.
- BirdLife International (2017). "Apteryx rowi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22732871A119169794. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22732871A119169794.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
- Gill; et al. (2010). 4th (ed.). "Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica" (PDF). Te Papa Press. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- Nigel., Gill, Brian (Brian James) Prickett (2003). Records of the Auckland Museum. Auckland Museum. OCLC 489392910.
- Clements, James F. (2007). The Clements checklist of birds of the world. James F. Clements, Cornell University. Laboratory of Ornithology, American Birding Association (6th ed.). Ithaca: Comstock Pub. Associates/Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9. OCLC 77573859.
- Mills, Laura (2018-12-13). "Rare rowi kiwi to be released in Westland". Otago Daily Times Online News. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
- "Okarito brown kiwi". New Zealand Birds Online. Retrieved August 27, 2021.