Otto Grotewohl (German pronunciation: [ˈɔtoː ˈɡʁoːtəvoːl]; 11 March 1894 – 23 September 1964) was an (East) German politician. He was co-chairman of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) from 1946 to 1950 (together with Wilhelm Pieck), and the first prime minister of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 until his death in 1964.
|Prime Minister of East Germany|
12 October 1949 – 21 September 1964
Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, as last Head of Government of Nazi Germany
|Succeeded by||Willi Stoph|
|Born||11 March 1894|
Braunschweig, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire
|Died||21 September 1964 (aged 70)|
East Berlin, East Germany
|Political party||USPD, SPD, SED|
|Spouse(s)||Marie Martha Louise|
On behalf of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) and later the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) Grotewohl was a member of the Landtag of the Free State of Brunswick from 1920 to 1930, and also a minister of the Free State of Brunswick. He was also a member of the Reichstag from 1925 to 1933.