Ulbricht in 1970.
|General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany|
25 July 1950 – 3 May 1971
|Preceded by||Post jointly held by Wilhelm Pieck and Otto Grotewohl|
|Succeeded by||Erich Honecker|
|Chairman of the State Council of the |
German Democratic Republic
12 September 1960 – 1 August 1973
|Preceded by||Wilhelm Pieck |
As State President
|Succeeded by||Willi Stoph|
|Born||30 June 1893|
Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire
|Died||1 August 1973 (aged 80)|
Groß Dölln, Templin, East Germany
|Political party||SPD (1912-1917)|
|Spouse(s)||Martha Schmellinsky (1920 -?) |
Lotte Kühn (1953-1973)
Some time after Hitler's rise to power Ulbricht fled to France and later to the Soviet Union. As leader of the communist Ulbricht Group he returned to Berlin on April 30, 1945. He was the first secretary of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and leading East Germany from 1950 to 1971. From President Wilhelm Pieck's death in 1960, he was also the East German head of state until his own death in 1973.
Besides being a sports fanatic, Ulbricht considered himself an expert on architecture and urban planning, and was therefore responsible for the destruction of several ancient buildings in East Germany.
He was also involved in intellectual activities by writing a series of books about the history of the German labor movement.
- Extracts from Walter Ulbricht — A Life for Germany, an illustrated 1968 book on Ulbricht
- RFE/RL East German Subject Files: Communist Party Open Society Archives, Budapest
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