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Paralysis is most often caused by damage to the nervous system or brain, especially the spinal cord. Major causes are stroke, trauma, poliomyelitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), botulism, spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Partial paralysis can also occur in the REM stage of sleep (see:Sleep paralysis). Paralysis often includes loss of feeling in the affected area.
Types of paralysis change
In hemiplegia, one side of your body is paralysed.
During monoplegia, only one limb is unable to move.
In paraplegia, both legs are unable to move.
The most extreme form of paralysis. The whole body from the neck down can't move.
Locked-in syndrome change
Paralysis of the whole body.