Parmesan cheese

Italian hard cheese

Parmesan cheese is the name of an Italian extra-hard cheese made of raw cow's milk. The original Parmesan cheese is more precisely called Parmigiano-Reggiano. It is produced only in Italy, in the provinces of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Mantua (partly) and Bologna (partly). It is usually the cheese to go with Spaghetti and other typical Italian pasta, but it also has many other uses. Parmesan is a part of Italian national cuisine and it can be eaten both grated and in slivers. It is hard, sharp and dry.

A Parmesan cheese wheel with some bits separate.

Parmigiano-Reggiano is DOP / AOC. This means that the way they are made and the region in Italy they come from are strictly controlled.

The brand (Parmigiano Reggiano) is protected, and only in Europe.[1] In many parts of the world, cheese is sold as Parmesan cheese that has nothing to do with the true (Italian) Parmigiano Reggiano.[2]

The original Parmesan cheese is one of the most expensive cheeses in the world.[3]

Parmesan cheese at a buffet

Name change

Within the European Union, the term Parmesan may only be used, by law, to refer to Parmigiano-Reggiano itself, which must be made in a restricted geographic area, using stringently defined methods. In many areas outside Europe, the name "Parmesan" has become genericized: Any one of a number of hard Italian-style grating cheeses are called 'Patmesan'.[4][5] After the European ruling that "parmesan" could not be used as a generic name, Kraft renamed its grated cheese "Pamesello" in Europe.

One kind of cheese, which is very similar, but produced in another region in Italy, is Grana Padano. Grana Padano is produced in Lombardy,

References change

  1. Case C-132/05 Commission v Germany Archived 2016-02-21 at the Wayback Machine European Commission Legal Service, July 2008
  2. "Most Parmesan Cheeses in America Are Fake, Here's Why". Forbes. November 19, 2012. Retrieved 2015-05-13. ... that it has earned the nickname in the dairy industry, 'The King of Cheeses.'
  3. Romeo, Claudia. "Why parmesan cheese is so expensive". Insider. Retrieved 2021-05-16.
  4. Oxford Companion to Food, s.v. 'parmesan'
  5. Cox, James (9 September 2003). "What's in a name?". USA TODAY. Retrieved 27 November 2014.

Other websites change

  Media related to Parmesan cheese at Wikimedia Commons