Parti Québécois

independentist political party in Quebec, Canada

The Parti Québécois (PQ) is a political party that wants sovereignty for the province of Quebec. The party wants Quebec to secede from Canada and become an independent country.

Parti Québécois
LeaderPaul St-Pierre Plamondon
PresidentGabrielle Lemieux
Founded11 October 1968 (1968-10-11)
Merger ofMouvement Souveraineté-Association,
Ralliement national,
Rassemblement pour l'Indépendance Nationale
Headquarters1200, avenue Papineau
Suite 150
Montreal, Quebec
H2K 4R5
IdeologyQuebec nationalism[1]
Quebec sovereigntism
Social democracy[1][2][3][4]
Economic nationalism[5]
Political positionCentre-left[6][7][8]
ColoursBlue, green
Seats in the National Assembly
3 / 125

History change

The Parti Québécois, or PQ was founded by René Lévesque. PQ's main goals are to get independence for Quebec. In the provincial election of 1976, the Parti Québécois was elected to the government of Quebec for the first time and René Lévesque, became the premier of Quebec. Many French people in Quebec were happy to see the Lévesque as premier, while many English people were not happy.[source?]

The PQ passed a bill called Bill 101. This bill is a law that makes French the only official language of Quebec and restricts the use of English in Quebec, even though English and French are both official languages of Canada.[9] The party was elected again in the 1981 election, but in November 1984 founder René Lévesque left the party and the PQ lost the 1985 election.

The Parti Québécois started the first Quebec referendum, having the citizens vote to decide to either leave Canada or stay a part of the country. 60% of the people who voted decided to stay in Canada.[10] The PQ had a second referendum in 1995. The citizens once again voted to stay in Canada. The leader of the party, Jacques Parizeau, quit after the referendum failed.[11]

The current Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe was the first to announce that he would to try to become the leader of the PQ, on May 11, 2007. Pauline Marois also said she was going to try to become leader, but Duceppe changed his mind on the 12th leaving Marois the only candidate. On June 26, 2007 Marois won the leadership. She has said that the PQ plans to have another referendum in the future.[12] On September 4, 2012, Marois led her party to minority victory in the Quebec general election, thus becoming the first female premier in the province's history. After an electoral defeat in 2014, she resigned. Following her resignation, Jean-François Lisée was elected as leader in 2016.[13] The current leader is Paul St-Pierre Plamondon, elected in 2020.[14]

Relationship with the Bloc Québécois change

The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party in Canada that was founded in 1991 by future PQ leader Lucien Bouchard. The Bloc also wants sovereignty for Quebec. Although the two political parties are separate organizations, they help each other during elections.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 How Political Parties Respond: Interest Aggregation Revisited. Routledge. 2 August 2004. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-134-27668-4. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  2. Rodney S. Haddow, Thomas Richard Klassen (2006). Partisanship, globalization, and Canadian labour market policy. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780802090904.
  3. Geoffrey Hale; Geoffrey E. Hale (2006). Uneasy Partnership: The Politics of Business and Government in Canada. University of Toronto Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-55111-504-7. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  4. Cecil Young (2004). One Canada. Trafford Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-4120-2235-4. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  5. CBC News (23–24 August 2018). "Where Quebec's parties stand on the issues that matter most to you". CBC News.
  6. Britannica Book of the Year (2013 ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2013. p. 402. ISBN 9781625131034. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  7. Banting, Keith; Myles, John (2013). Inequality and the Fading of Redistributive Politics. Vancouver: UBC Press. p. 385. ISBN 9780774826013. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  8. Bergo, Havard (16 October 2016). "New leader, new tactics for Quebec's Parti Québécois". Global Risk Insights. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  9. "Speaking out: Quebec's debate over language laws". Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  10. "Quebec remembers 1st referendum". Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  11. "Quebec Referendum (1995)". Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  12. "Duceppe tells the world Quebec will hold another sovereignty referendum". Archived from the original on 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
  13. "Jean-François Lisée wouldn't push for sovereignty in first PQ mandate | CBC News".
  14. "Paul St-Pierre Plamondon elected as new Parti Quebecois leader". CTV News. Canadian Press. October 9, 2020. Retrieved October 10, 2020.

Other websites change